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6.12.2012  
Official Journal of the European Union  
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EURO-MEDITERRANEAN AVIATION AGREEMENT  
between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and the Hashemite Kingdom  
of Jordan, of the other part  
THE KINGDOM OF BELGIUM,  
THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA,  
THE CZECH REPUBLIC,  
THE KINGDOM OF DENMARK,  
THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY,  
THE REPUBLIC OF ESTONIA,  
IRELAND,  
THE HELLENIC REPUBLIC,  
THE KINGDOM OF SPAIN,  
THE FRENCH REPUBLIC,  
THE ITALIAN REPUBLIC,  
THE REPUBLIC OF CYPRUS,  
THE REPUBLIC OF LATVIA,  
THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA,  
THE GRAND DUCHY OF LUXEMBOURG,  
THE REPUBLIC OF HUNGARY,  
MALTA,  
THE KINGDOM OF THE NETHERLANDS,  
THE REPUBLIC OF AUSTRIA,  
THE REPUBLIC OF POLAND,  
THE PORTUGUESE REPUBLIC,  
ROMANIA,  
THE REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA,  
THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC,  
THE REPUBLIC OF FINLAND,  
THE KINGDOM OF SWEDEN,  
THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND,  
Contracting Parties to the Treaty on the European Union and the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,  
hereinafter referred to as the ‘Member States’, and  
THE EUROPEAN UNION,  
of the one part, and  
THE HASHEMITE KINGDOM OF JORDAN, hereinafter referred to as ‘Jordan’,  
of the other part,  
DESIRING to promote an international aviation system based on fair competition among air carriers in the marketplace  
with minimum government interference and regulation;  
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DESIRING to facilitate the expansion of international air transport opportunities, including through the development of  
air transport networks to meet the needs of passengers and shippers for convenient air transport services;  
RECOGNISING the importance of air transport in promoting trade, tourism and investment;  
DESIRING to make it possible for air carriers to offer the travelling and shipping public competitive prices and services in  
open markets;  
RECOGNISING the potential benefits of regulatory convergence and, to the extent practical, harmonisation of regulations  
relating to air transport;  
DESIRING to have all sectors of the air transport industry, including air carrier workers, benefit in a liberalised  
environment;  
DESIRING to ensure the highest degree of safety and security in international air transport and reaffirming their grave  
concern with regard to acts or threats against the security of aircraft, which jeopardise the safety of persons or property,  
adversely affect the operation of air transport and undermine public confidence in the safety of civil aviation;  
NOTING the Convention on International Civil Aviation, opened for signature at Chicago on 7 December 1944;  
RECOGNISING that this Euro Mediterranean Aviation Agreement lies within the scope of the Euro-Mediterranean  
partnership envisaged in the declaration of Barcelona of 28 November 1995;  
NOTING their common will to promote a Euro Mediterranean aviation area based on the principles of regulatory  
convergence, regulatory cooperation and liberalisation of the market access;  
NOTING the Joint declaration of the Arab Civil Aviation Commission and the Arab Air Carriers Organization, of the one  
part and the Directorate General of Energy and Transport, of the other part signed on 16 November 2008 in Sharm El  
Sheikh;  
DESIRING to ensure a level playing field for air carriers, allowing fair and equal opportunity for their air carriers to  
provide the agreed services;  
RECOGNISING the importance of regulating slot allocation on the basis of fair and equal opportunity for their air carriers  
to guarantee neutral and non-discriminatory treatment for all air carriers;  
RECOGNISING that subsidies may adversely affect air carrier competition and may jeopardise the basic objectives of this  
Agreement;  
AFFIRMING the importance of limiting greenhouse gas emission from aviation and protecting the environment in  
developing and implementing international aviation policy;  
NOTING the importance of protecting consumers, including the protections afforded by the Convention for the Unifi­  
cation of Certain Rules for International Carriage by Air, done at Montreal 28 May 1999, insofar as both the Contracting  
Parties are parties to this Convention;  
INTENDING to build upon the framework of existing air transport agreements with the goal of opening access to markets  
and maximising benefits for the consumers, air carriers, labour, and communities of both Contracting Parties;  
NOTING that the purpose of this agreement is to be applied in a progressive but integral way, and that a suitable  
mechanism can ensure ever closer harmonisation of legislation,  
HAVE AGREED AS FOLLOWS:  
Article 1  
for the avoidance of doubt, shall include scheduled and  
non-scheduled (charter) air transport, and full cargo  
services;  
Definitions  
For the purposes of this Agreement, unless otherwise stated, the  
term:  
(4) ‘Association Agreement’ means the Euro-Mediterranean  
Agreement establishing an association between the  
European Communities and their Member States, of the  
one part, and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, of the  
other part, done at Brussels on 24 November 1997;  
(1) ‘Agreed services’ and ‘Specified routes’ mean international  
air transport pursuant to Article 2 (Traffic rights) of, and  
Annex I to, this Agreement;  
(5) ‘Citizenship’ means whether an air carrier satisfies  
requirements regarding such issues as its ownership,  
effective control, and principal place of business;  
(2) ‘Agreement’ means this Agreement, its Annexes, and any  
amendments thereto;  
(3) ‘Air transport’ means the carriage by aircraft of passengers,  
baggage, cargo, and mail, separately or in combination,  
held out to the public for remuneration or hire, which,  
(6) ‘Competent Authorities’ means the government agencies or  
entities responsible for the administrative functions under  
this Agreement;  
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(7) ‘Contracting Parties’ shall mean, on the one hand, the  
European Union or its Member States, or the European  
Union and its Member States, in accordance with their  
respective powers, and, on the other hand, Jordan;  
Member State for the European Party, insofar as, in the  
case of a legal entity, it is at all times under the effective  
control, be it directly or by majority participation, of  
persons or entities having Jordan nationality for the  
Jordan Party, or persons or entities having the nationality  
of a Member State or one of the third countries identified  
in Annex IV for the European Party;  
(8) ‘Convention’ means the Convention on International Civil  
Aviation, opened for signature at Chicago on 7 December  
1944, and includes:  
(15) ‘Operating Licences’ means, in the case of the European  
Union and its Member States operating licences and any  
other relevant documents or certificates given under Regu­  
lation (EC) No 1008/2008 of the European Parliament and  
of the Council of 24 September 2008 on common rules  
for the operation of air services in the Community (1) and  
any successor instrument and, in the case of Jordan  
licences/certificates/permits or exemptions given under  
JCAR Part 119;  
(a) any amendment that has entered into force under  
Article 94(a) of the Convention and has been ratified  
by both Jordan and the Member State or Member  
States of the European Union; and  
(b) any Annex or any amendment thereto adopted under  
Article 90 of the Convention, insofar as such Annex or  
amendment is at any given time effective for both  
Jordan and the Member State or Member States of  
the European Union as is relevant to the issue in  
question;  
(16) ‘Price’ means:  
— ‘air fares’ to be paid to air carriers or their agents or  
other ticket sellers for the carriage of passengers and  
baggage on air services and any conditions under  
which those prices apply, including remuneration and  
conditions offered to agency and other auxiliary  
services, and  
(9) ‘Fitness’ means whether an air carrier is fit to operate  
international air services, that is to say, whether it has  
satisfactory financial capability and adequate managerial  
expertise and is disposed to comply with the laws, regu­  
lations, and requirements which govern the operation of  
such services;  
— ‘air rates’ to be paid for the carriage of cargo and the  
conditions under which those prices apply, including  
remuneration and conditions offered to agency and  
other auxiliary services.  
(10) ‘ECAA Country’ means any country party to the multi­  
lateral Agreement establishing European Common  
Aviation Area (Member States of the European Union,  
the Republic of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the  
Republic of Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of  
Macedonia, the Republic of Iceland, the Republic of  
Montenegro, the Kingdom of Norway, the Republic of  
Serbia and Kosovo under UN Security Council Resolution  
1244);  
This definition covers, where relevant, the surface transport  
in connection with international air transport and the  
applicable conditions;  
(17) ‘Principal place of business’ means the head office or  
registered office of an air carrier in the Contracting Party  
within which the principal financial functions and oper­  
ational control, including continued airworthiness  
management, of the air carrier are exercised;  
(11) ‘Euromed Country’ means any Mediterranean country  
involved in the European Neighbourhood Policy (which  
are Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Lebanon,  
Jordan, Israel, the Palestinian territory, Syria and Turkey);  
(18) ‘Public service obligation’ means any obligation imposed  
(12) ‘Fifth freedom right’ means the right or privilege granted  
by one state (the ‘Granting State’) to the air carriers of  
another state (‘the Recipient State’), to provide inter­  
national air transport services between the territory of  
the Granting State and the territory of a third state,  
subject to the condition that such services originate or  
terminate in the territory of the Recipient State;  
upon air carriers to ensure on  
a specified route the  
minimum provision of scheduled air services satisfying  
fixed standards of continuity, regularity, pricing and  
minimum capacity which air carriers would not assume  
if they were solely considering their commercial interest.  
Air carriers may be compensated by the Contracting Party  
concerned for fulfilling public service obligations;  
(13) ‘International air transport’ means air transport that passes  
through the airspace over the territory of at least two  
States;  
(19) ‘SESAR’ means the technical implementation of the Single  
European Sky which provides a coordinated, synchronised  
research, development and deployment of the new gener­  
ations of air traffic management systems;  
(14) ‘National’ means any person or entity having Jordan  
nationality for the Jordan Party, or the nationality of a  
(1) OJ L 293, 31.10.2008, p. 3.  
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(20) ‘Subsidy’ means any financial contribution granted by the  
authorities or a regional organisation or another public  
organisation, i.e. when:  
of this Agreement, the following rights for the conduct of inter­  
national air transport by the air carriers of the other Contracting  
Party:  
(a) the right to fly across its territory without landing;  
(a) a practice of a government or regional body or other  
public organisation involves a direct transfer of funds  
such as grants, loans or equity infusion, potential  
direct transfer of funds to the company, the  
assumption of liabilities of the company such as loan  
guarantees, capital injections, ownership, protection  
against bankruptcy or insurance;  
(b) the right to make stops in its territory for any purpose other  
than taking on or discharging passengers, baggage, cargo  
and/or mail in air transport (non-traffic purposes);  
(c) while operating an agreed service on a specified route, the  
right to make stops in its territory for the purpose of taking  
up and discharging international traffic in passengers, cargo  
and/or mail, separately or in combination; and  
(b) revenue of a government or regional body or other  
public organisation that is otherwise due is foregone or  
not collected;  
(d) the rights otherwise specified in this Agreement.  
(c) a government or regional body or other public organi­  
sation provides goods or services other than general  
infrastructure, or purchases goods or services; or  
2.  
Nothing in this Agreement shall be deemed to confer on  
the air carriers of:  
(a) Jordan the right to take on board, in the territory of any  
Member State, passengers, baggage, cargo, and/or mail  
carried for compensation and destined for another point  
in the territory of that Member State;  
(d) a government or regional body or other public organi­  
sation makes payments to a funding mechanism or  
entrusts or directs a private body to carry out one  
or more of the type of functions illustrated under  
(a), (b) and (c) which would normally be vested in  
the government and, in practice, in no real sense  
differs from practices normally followed by govern­  
ments;  
(b) the European Union the right to take on board, in the  
territory of Jordan, passengers, baggage, cargo, and/or mail  
carried for compensation and destined for another point in  
the territory of Jordan.  
and where a benefit is thereby conferred;  
Article 3  
(21) ‘Territory’ means, for Jordan, the land areas (mainland and  
islands), internal waters and territorial sea under its sover­  
eignty or jurisdiction, and, for the European Union, the  
land areas (mainland and islands), internal waters and terri­  
torial sea in which the Treaty on the European Union and  
the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union are  
applied and under the conditions laid down in that Treaty  
and any successor instrument. The application of this  
Agreement to the Airport of Gibraltar is understood to  
be without prejudice to the respective legal positions of  
the Kingdom of Spain and the United Kingdom with  
regard to the dispute over sovereignty over the territory  
in which the airport is situated and to the continuing  
suspension of Gibraltar Airport from EU aviation  
measures existing as at 18 September 2006 as between  
Member States in accordance with the Ministerial  
Statement on Gibraltar Airport agreed in Cordoba on  
18 September 2006; and  
Authorisation  
1.  
On receipt of applications for operating authorisation  
from an air carrier of one of the Contracting Parties, the  
competent authorities shall grant appropriate authorisations  
with minimum procedural delay, provided that:  
(a) for an air carrier of Jordan:  
— the air carrier has its principal place of business in  
Jordan and has received its operating licence in  
accordance with the law of the Hashemite Kingdom of  
Jordan,  
— effective regulatory control of the air carrier is exercised  
and maintained by the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan,  
and  
— the air carrier is owned, directly or by majority partici­  
pation, and effectively controlled by Jordan and/or its  
nationals;  
(22) ‘User charge’ means a charge imposed on air carriers for  
the provision of airport, airport environmental, air navi­  
gation, or aviation security facilities or services including  
related services and facilities and when appropriate  
reflecting environmental costs related to noise emissions.  
(b) for an air carrier of the European Union:  
— the air carrier has its principal place of business in the  
territory of a Member State under the Treaty on the  
Functioning of the European Union, and has received  
its operating licence, and  
TITLE I  
ECONOMIC PROVISIONS  
Article 2  
— effective regulatory control of the air carrier is exercised  
and maintained by the Member State responsible for  
issuing its Air Operators Certificate and the relevant  
Aeronautical Authority is clearly identified,  
Traffic Rights  
1.  
Each Contracting Party shall grant to the other  
Contracting Party, in accordance with Annex I and Annex II  
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— the air carrier is owned, directly or by majority partici­  
pation, by Member States and/or by nationals of the  
Member States, or by other States listed in Annex IV,  
and/or of the nationals of these other States;  
(d) the provisions set forth in Article 13 (Aviation Safety) and  
Article 14 (Aviation Security) of this Agreement are not  
being maintained or administered.  
(c) the air carrier meets the conditions prescribed under the  
laws and regulations normally applied by the authority  
competent for the operation of international air transport;  
and  
2.  
Unless immediate action is essential to prevent further  
non-compliance with points (c) or (d) of paragraph 1, the  
rights established by the present Article to refuse, revoke,  
suspend or limit authorisations or permissions of any air  
carrier of  
a Contracting Party shall be exercised only  
(d) the provisions set forth in Article 13 (Aviation Safety) and  
Article 14 (Aviation Security) of this Agreement are being  
maintained and administered.  
according to the procedure prescribed in Article 23 (Safeguard  
measures) of this Agreement. In any case, the exercise of these  
rights shall be appropriate, proportionate and restricted with  
regard to scope and duration to what is strictly necessary.  
They shall be exclusively directed towards the air carrier or  
air carriers concerned, and shall be without prejudice to the  
right of either Contracting Party to take action under Article 22  
(Dispute resolution and arbitration).  
Article 4  
Refusal, Revocation, Suspension, Limitation of  
Authorisation  
1.  
The competent authorities of either Contracting Party may  
refuse, revoke, suspend or limit the operating authorisations or  
otherwise suspend or limit the operations of an air carrier of  
another Contracting Party where:  
3.  
Neither Contracting Party shall use its rights established by  
the present Article to refuse, revoke, suspend or limit authori­  
sations or permissions of any air carriers of a Contracting Party  
on the grounds that majority ownership and effective control of  
that air carrier is vested in another Euromed Country or its  
nationals, provided that such Euromed Country is party to a  
similar Euro Mediterranean Aviation Agreement and offers  
reciprocal treatment.  
(a) for an air carrier of Jordan:  
— the air carrier does not have its principal place of  
business in Jordan or has not received its operating  
licence in accordance with the applicable law of Jordan,  
— effective regulatory control of the air carrier is not  
exercised and maintained by Jordan,  
Article 4 bis  
or  
Reciprocal Recognition of Regulatory Determinations with  
Regard to Airline Fitness and Citizenship  
— the air carrier is not owned and effectively controlled,  
directly or by majority participation, by Jordan and/or  
nationals of Jordan;  
1.  
Upon receipt of an application for authorisation from an  
air carrier of one Contracting Party, the competent authorities  
of the other Contracting Party shall recognise any fitness and/or  
citizenship determination made by the competent authorities of  
the first Contracting Party with respect to that air carrier as if  
such determination had been made by its own competent auth­  
orities, and shall not inquire further into such matters, except as  
provided for in paragraph 2 below.  
(b) for an air carrier of the European Union:  
— the air carrier does not have its principal place of  
business or, if any, its registered office in the territory  
of a Member State under the Treaty on the Functioning  
of the European Union, or has not received its operating  
licence in accordance with Union law,  
2.  
If, after receipt of an application for authorisation from an  
air carrier, or after the grant of such authorisation, the  
competent authorities of the receiving Contracting Party have  
a specific reason based on a reasonable doubt for concern that,  
despite the determination made by the competent authorities of  
the other Contracting Party, the conditions prescribed in  
Article 3 (Authorisation) of this Agreement for the grant of  
appropriate authorisations or permissions have not been met,  
then they shall promptly advise those authorities, giving  
substantive reasons for their concern. In that event, either  
Contracting Party may seek consultations, which may include  
representatives of the competent authorities of both Contracting  
Parties, and/or additional information relevant to this concern,  
and such requests shall be met as soon as practicable. If the  
matter remains unresolved, either Contracting Party may bring  
the matter to the Joint Committee set up under Article 21 (The  
Joint Committee) of this Agreement.  
— effective regulatory control of the air carrier is not  
exercised and maintained by the Member State  
responsible for issuing its Air Operators Certificate or  
the competent aeronautical authority is not clearly ident­  
ified, or  
— the air carrier is not owned and effectively controlled,  
directly or by majority participation, by Member States  
and/or nationals of Member States, or by the other  
States listed in Annex IV, and/or nationals of these  
other States;  
(c) the air carrier has failed to comply with the laws and regu­  
lations referred to in Article 6 (Compliance with Laws and  
Regulations) of this Agreement; or  
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3.  
The present Article does not cover recognition of deter­  
carriers of both sides to operate the Agreed Services. In order to  
achieve this, it is necessary to have a fair and competitive  
environment for the operation of air services. The Contracting  
Parties recognise that fair competitive practices by air carriers  
are most likely to occur where these air carriers provide air  
services on a fully commercial basis and are not subsidised.  
minations in relation to:  
— Safety certificates or licences,  
— Security arrangements, or  
— Insurance coverage.  
3.  
When a Contracting Party deems it essential to grant  
public subsidies to an air carrier operating under this  
Agreement in order to achieve a legitimate objective, it shall  
see to it that such subsidies are proportionate to the objective,  
transparent and designed to minimise, to the extent feasible,  
their adverse impact on the air carriers of the other Contracting  
Party. The Contracting Party intending to grant any such  
subsidy shall inform the other Contracting Party of its  
intention and shall make sure that such subsidy is consistent  
with the criteria laid down in this Agreement.  
Article 5  
Investment  
1.  
Jordan may take arrangements to allow majority  
ownership and/or the effective control of air carriers of  
Jordan by Member States or their nationals.  
2.  
Upon verification by the Joint Committee in accordance  
with Article 21(10) (The Joint Committee) that reciprocal  
arrangements exist, the Contracting Parties shall allow  
majority ownership and/or the effective control of air carriers  
of Jordan by Member States or their nationals, or of air carriers  
of the European Union by Jordan or its nationals.  
4.  
If one Contracting Party finds that conditions exist in the  
Territory of the other Contracting Party, in particular due to a  
subsidy, inconsistent with the criteria laid down in paragraph 3  
which would adversely affect the fair and equal opportunity of  
its air carriers to compete, it may submit observations to the  
other Contracting Party. Furthermore, it may request a meeting  
of the Joint Committee, as provided for in Article 21 (The Joint  
Committee) of this Agreement. From the receipt of such a  
3.  
Specific investment projects under the present Article shall  
be authorised by virtue of preliminary decisions of the Joint  
Committee established by this Agreement. These decisions  
may specify the conditions associated with the operation of  
the agreed services under this Agreement and with the  
services between third Countries and the Contracting Parties.  
The provisions of Article 21(9) (The Joint Committee) of this  
Agreement shall not apply to this type of decision.  
request consultations shall start within 30 days. When  
a
dispute cannot be settled by the Joint Committee, the  
Contracting Parties retain the possibility of applying their  
respective anti-subsidy measures.  
5.  
The actions, referred to in paragraph 4 of this Article,  
Article 6  
shall be appropriate, proportionate and restricted with regard  
to scope and duration to what is strictly necessary. They shall  
be exclusively directed towards the air carrier or air carriers  
benefiting from a subsidy or the conditions referred to in this  
Article, and shall be without prejudice to the right of either  
Contracting Party to take action under Article 23 (Safeguard  
Measures) of this Agreement.  
Compliance with laws and regulations  
1.  
While entering, within, or leaving the territory of one  
Contracting Party, the laws and regulations applicable within  
that territory relating to the admission to or departure from  
its territory of aircraft engaged in international air transport,  
or to the operation and navigation of aircraft shall be  
complied with by the other Contracting Party’s air carriers.  
6.  
Each Contracting Party, upon notification to the other  
Contracting Party, may approach responsible government  
entities in the territory of the other Contracting Party  
including entities at the state, provincial or local level to  
discuss matters relating to this Article.  
2.  
While entering, within, or leaving the territory of one  
Contracting Party, the laws and regulations applicable within  
that territory relating to the admission to or departure from  
its territory of passengers, crew or cargo on aircraft (including  
regulations relating to entry, clearance, immigration, passports,  
customs and quarantine or, in the case of mail, postal regu­  
lations) shall be complied with by, or on behalf of, such  
passengers, crew or cargo of the other Contracting Party’s air  
carriers.  
7.  
The provisions of this Article shall apply without prejudice  
to the Contracting Parties’ laws and regulations regarding public  
service obligations in the territories of the Contracting Parties.  
Article 7  
Article 8  
Commercial Opportunities  
Air carrier Representatives  
Competitive environment  
1.  
The Contracting Parties reaffirm the application to this  
Agreement of the principles of Chapter II of Title IV of the  
Association Agreement.  
1.  
The air carriers of each Contracting Party shall have the  
right to establish offices in the territory of the other Contracting  
Party for the promotion and sale of air transport and related  
activities.  
2.  
The Contracting Parties acknowledge that it is their joint  
objective to secure fair and equal opportunities for the air  
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2.  
The air carriers of each Contracting Party shall be entitled,  
fuel, in the territory of the other Contracting Party in local  
currency. At their discretion, the air carriers of each Contracting  
Party may pay for such expenses in the territory of the other  
Contracting Party in freely convertible currencies according to  
local currency regulation.  
in accordance with the laws and regulations of the other  
Contracting Party relating to entry, residence, and employment,  
to bring in and maintain in the territory of the other  
Contracting Party managerial, sales, technical, operational, and  
other specialist staff who are required to support the provision  
of air transport.  
Cooperative arrangements  
Ground-Handling  
7.  
In operating or holding out services under this Agreement,  
any air carrier of a Contracting Party may enter into cooperative  
marketing arrangements, such as blocked-space agreements or  
code-sharing arrangements, with:  
3.  
(a) Without prejudice to point (b) below, each air carrier  
shall have in relation to ground-handling in the  
Territory of the other Contracting Party:  
(i) the right to perform its own ground-handling  
(‘self-handling’) or, at its option;  
(a) any air carrier or carriers of the Contracting Parties; and  
(b) any air carrier or carriers of a third country; and  
(c) any surface, land or maritime carriers;  
(ii) the right to select among competing suppliers that  
provide ground-handling services in whole or in  
part where such suppliers are allowed market  
access on the basis of the laws and regulations  
of each Contracting Party, and where such  
suppliers are present in the market.  
provided that (i) all participants in such arrangements hold the  
appropriate underlying route authority and (ii) the arrangements  
meet the requirements relating to safety and competition  
normally applied to such arrangements. In respect of  
passenger transport sold involving code-shares, the purchaser  
shall be informed at the point of sale, or in any case before  
boarding, which transportation providers will operate each  
sector of the service.  
(b) For the following categories of ground-handling  
services i.e. baggage handling, ramp handling, fuel  
and oil handling, freight and mail handling as  
regards the physical handling of freight and mail  
between the air terminal and the aircraft, the rights  
under point (a)(i) and (ii) shall be subject only to  
physical or operational constraints according to the  
laws and regulations applicable in the Territory of  
the other Contracting Party. Where such constraints  
preclude self-handling and where there is no effective  
competition between suppliers that provide ground-  
handling services, all such services shall be available  
on an equal and non-discriminatory basis to all air  
carriers; prices of such services shall not exceed their  
full cost including a reasonable return on assets, after  
depreciation.  
8.  
(a) In relation to the transport of passengers, surface  
transportation providers shall not be subject to laws  
and regulations governing air transport on the sole  
basis that such surface transportation is held out by  
an air carrier under its own name. Surface transpor­  
tation providers have the discretion to decide whether  
to enter into cooperative arrangements. In deciding on  
any particular arrangement, surface transportation  
providers may consider, among other things,  
consumer interests and technical, economic, space,  
and capacity constraints.  
Sales, Local Expenses, and Transfer of Funds  
4.  
Any air carrier of each Contracting Party may engage in  
the sale of air transport in the territory of the other Contracting  
Party directly and/or, at the air carrier’s discretion, through its  
sales agents, other intermediaries appointed by the air carrier or  
through the internet. Each air carrier shall have the right to sell  
such transportation, and any person shall be free to purchase  
such transportation, in the currency of that territory or in freely  
convertible currencies.  
(b) Moreover, and notwithstanding any other provision of  
this Agreement, air carriers and indirect providers of  
cargo transportation of the Contracting Parties shall  
be permitted, without restriction, to employ in  
connection with international air transport any  
surface transportation for cargo to or from any  
points in the territories of Jordan and the European  
Union, or in third countries, including transport to  
and from all airports with customs facilities, and  
including, where applicable, the right[s] to transport  
cargo in bond under applicable laws and regulations.  
Such cargo, whether moving by surface or by air, shall  
have access to airport customs processing and facil­  
ities. Air carriers may elect to perform their own  
surface transportation or to provide it through  
arrangements with other surface carriers, including  
surface transportation operated by other air carriers  
and indirect providers of cargo air transport. Such  
intermodal cargo services may be offered at a single,  
5.  
Each air carrier shall have the right to convert and remit  
from the territory of the other Contracting Party to its home  
territory and, except where inconsistent with generally  
applicable law or regulation, to the country or countries of its  
choice, on demand, local revenues. Conversion and remittance  
shall be permitted promptly without restrictions or taxation in  
respect thereof at the rate of exchange applicable to current  
transactions and remittance on the date the carrier makes the  
initial application for remittance.  
6.  
The air carriers of each Contracting Party shall be  
permitted to pay for local expenses, including purchases of  
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through price for the air and surface transportation  
combined, provided that shippers are not misled as to  
the facts concerning such transportation.  
use by passengers in limited quantities during flight), and other  
items intended for or used solely in connection with the  
operation or servicing of aircraft engaged in international air  
transport shall be exempt, on the basis of reciprocity, from all  
import restrictions, property taxes and capital levies, customs  
duties, excise taxes, and similar fees and charges that are (a)  
imposed by the national or local authorities or the European  
Union, and (b) not based on the cost of services provided,  
provided that such equipment and supplies remain on board  
the aircraft.  
Leasing  
9.  
(a) The air carriers of each Contracting Party shall be  
entitled to provide the agreed services using aircraft  
and crew leased from any air carrier, including from  
third countries, provided that all participants in such  
arrangements meet the conditions prescribed under  
the laws and regulations normally applied by the  
Contracting Parties to such arrangements.  
2.  
There shall also be exempt, on the basis of reciprocity,  
from the taxes, levies, duties, fees and charges referred to in  
paragraph 1 of this Article, with the exception of charges based  
on the cost of the service provided:  
(b) Neither Contracting Party shall require the air carriers  
leasing out their equipment to hold traffic rights under  
this agreement.  
(a) aircraft stores introduced into or supplied in the territory of  
a Contracting Party and taken on board, within reasonable  
limits, for use on outbound aircraft of an air carrier of the  
other Contracting Party engaged in international air  
transport, even when these stores are to be used on a  
part of the journey performed over the said territory;  
(c) The leasing with crew (wet-leasing) by an air carrier of  
the Contracting Parties of an aircraft of an air carrier  
of a third country, other than those mentioned in  
Annex IV, in order to exploit the rights envisaged in  
this Agreement, shall remain exceptional or meet  
temporary needs. The wet-lease shall be submitted  
for prior approval of the licensing authority of the  
leasing air carrier and to the competent authority of  
the other Contracting Party to where it is intended to  
operate the wet-leased aircraft.  
(b) ground equipment and spare parts (including engines)  
introduced into the territory of a Contracting Party for  
the servicing, maintenance, or repair of aircraft of an air  
carrier of the other Contracting Party used in international  
air transport;  
Franchising and Branding  
(c) fuel, lubricants and consumable technical supplies  
introduced into or supplied in the territory of a Contracting  
Party for use in an aircraft of an air carrier of the other  
Contracting Party engaged in international air transport,  
even when these supplies are to be used on a part of the  
journey performed over the said territory;  
10.  
The air carriers of each Contracting Party shall be  
entitled to enter into franchising or branding arrangements  
with companies, including air carriers, of either Contracting  
Party or third countries, provided that the air carriers hold  
the appropriate authority and meet the conditions prescribed  
under the laws and regulations applied by the Contracting  
Parties to such arrangements, particularly those requiring the  
disclosure of the identity of the air carrier operating the service.  
(d) printed matter, as provided for by the customs legislation of  
each Contracting Party, introduced into or supplied in the  
territory of one Contracting Party and taken on board for  
use on outbound aircraft of an air carrier of the other  
Contracting Party engaged in international air transport,  
even when these stores are to be used on a part of the  
journey performed over the said territory; and  
Allocation of slots at airports  
11.  
The allocation of slots at the airports in the territories of  
the Contracting Parties shall be carried out in an independent,  
transparent and non-discriminatory manner. All the air carriers  
will be treated on a fair and equal basis. In accordance with  
Article 21(5) (The Joint Committee), a Contracting Party may  
request a meeting of the Joint Committee to seek to resolve any  
question related to the application of the present paragraph.  
(e) safety and security equipment for use at airports or cargo  
terminals.  
3.  
Notwithstanding any other provision to the contrary,  
Article 9  
nothing in this Agreement shall prevent a Contracting Party  
from imposing taxes, levies, duties, fees or charges on fuel  
supplied in its territory on a non-discriminatory basis for use  
in an aircraft of an air carrier that operates between two points  
in its territory.  
Customs duties and charges  
1.  
On arriving in the territory of one Contracting Party,  
aircraft operated in international air transport by the air  
carriers of the other Contracting Party, their regular equipment,  
fuel, lubricants, consumable technical supplies, ground  
equipment, spare parts (including engines), aircraft stores  
(including but not limited to such items of food, beverages  
and liquor, tobacco and other products destined for sale to or  
4.  
Equipment and supplies referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2  
of this Article may be required to be kept under the supervision  
or control of the appropriate authorities.  
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5.  
The exemptions provided by this Article shall also be  
bodies to exchange such information as may be necessary to  
permit an accurate review of the reasonableness of the charges  
in accordance with the principles of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this  
article. Each Contracting Party shall ensure the competent  
charging authorities to provide users with reasonable notice of  
any proposal for changes in user charges to enable those auth­  
orities to consider the views expressed by the users before  
changes are made.  
available where the air carriers of one Contracting Party have  
contracted with another air carrier, which similarly enjoys such  
exemptions from the other Contracting Party, for the loan or  
transfer in the Territory of the other Contracting Party of the  
items specified in paragraphs 1 and 2.  
6.  
Nothing in this Agreement shall prevent either  
Contracting Party from imposing taxes, levies, duties, fees or  
charges on goods sold other than for consumption on board  
to passengers during a sector of an air service between two  
points within its territory at which embarkation or disembar­  
kation is permitted.  
4.  
Neither Contracting Party shall be held, in dispute  
resolution procedures pursuant to Article 22 (Dispute  
Resolution and Arbitration) of this Agreement, to be in  
breach of a provision of this Article, unless (a) it fails to  
undertake  
a review of the charge or practice that is the  
subject of complaint by the other Contracting Party within a  
reasonable amount of time; or (b) following such a review it  
fails to take all steps within its power to remedy any charge or  
practice that is inconsistent with this Article.  
7.  
The stipulations of the present Agreement shall not affect  
the field of VAT, with the exception of turnover tax on imports.  
The provisions of the respective conventions in force between a  
Member State and Jordan for the avoidance of double taxation  
on income and on capital remain unaffected by this Agreement.  
Article 11  
Pricing  
1.  
The Contracting Parties shall permit prices to be freely  
Article 10  
established by the air carriers on the basis of free and fair  
competition.  
User Charges for Airports and Aviation Facilities and  
Services  
1.  
Each Contracting Party shall ensure that user charges that  
2.  
The Contracting Parties shall not require prices to be filed.  
may be imposed by its competent charging authorities or bodies  
on the air carriers of the other Contracting Party for the use of  
air navigation and air traffic control services shall be just,  
reasonable, cost-related and not unjustly discriminatory. In  
any event, any such user charges shall be assessed on the air  
carriers of the other Contracting Party on terms not less  
favourable than the most favourable terms available to any  
other air carrier.  
3.  
Discussions between competent authorities may be held to  
discuss matters such as, but not limited to prices which may be  
unjust, unreasonable or discriminatory.  
Article 12  
Statistics  
2.  
Each Contracting Party shall ensure that user charges that  
1.  
Each Contracting Party shall provide to the other  
may be imposed by its competent charging authorities or bodies  
on the air carriers of the other Contracting Party for the use of  
airport, aviation security and related facilities and services shall  
be just, reasonable, not unjustly discriminatory, and equitably  
apportioned among categories of users. These charges may  
reflect, but shall not exceed, the full cost to the competent  
charging authorities or bodies of providing the appropriate  
airport and aviation security facilities and services at that  
airport or within that airport’s system. These charges may  
Contracting Party statistics that are required by domestic laws  
and regulations, and, upon request, other available statistical  
information as may be reasonably required for the purpose of  
reviewing the operation of the air services.  
2.  
The Contracting Parties shall cooperate in the framework  
of the Joint Committee under Article 21 (The Joint Committee)  
of this Agreement to facilitate the exchange of statistical  
information between them for the purpose of monitoring the  
development of air services under this Agreement.  
include  
a reasonable return on assets, after depreciation.  
Facilities and services for which user charges are made shall  
be provided on an efficient and economic basis. In any event,  
these charges shall be assessed on the air carriers of the other  
Contracting Party on terms not less favourable than the most  
favourable terms available to any other air carrier at the time  
the charges are assessed.  
TITLE II  
REGULATORY COOPERATION  
Article 13  
3.  
Each Contracting Party shall ensure consultations between  
Aviation safety  
the competent charging authorities or bodies in its territory and  
the air carriers or their representative bodies using the services  
and facilities, and shall ensure the competent charging auth­  
orities or bodies and the air carriers or their representative  
1.  
The Contracting Parties shall ensure that their legislation  
delivers, at a minimum, the standards specified in Part A of  
Annex III, under the conditions set out hereafter.  
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2.  
The Contracting Parties shall ensure that aircraft registered  
civil aviation against acts of unlawful interference, and in  
particular their obligations under the Chicago Convention, the  
Convention on Offences and Certain Other Acts Committed on  
Board Aircraft, signed at Tokyo on 14 September 1963, the  
Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft,  
signed at The Hague on 16 December 1970, the Convention for  
the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil  
Aviation, signed at Montreal on 23 September 1971, the  
Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at  
Airports Serving International Civil Aviation, signed at Montreal  
on 24 February 1988 and the Convention on the marking of  
plastic explosives for purpose of detection signed at Montreal  
on 1 March 1991, insofar as both Contracting Parties are  
parties to these conventions, as well as all other conventions  
and protocols relating to civil aviation security of which both  
Contracting Parties are parties.  
in one Contracting Party suspected of non-compliance with  
international aviation safety standards established pursuant to  
the Convention landing at airports open to international air  
traffic in the territory of the other Contracting Party shall be  
subject to ramp inspections by the competent authorities of that  
other Contracting Party, on board and around the aircraft to  
check both the validity of the aircraft documents and those of  
its crew and the apparent condition of the aircraft and its  
equipment.  
3.  
Either Contracting Party may request consultations at any  
time concerning the safety standards maintained by the other  
Contracting Party.  
4.  
Either competent authorities of a Contracting Party may  
take all appropriate and immediate measures whenever they  
ascertain that an aircraft, a product or an operation may:  
3.  
The Contracting Parties shall provide upon request all  
necessary assistance to each other to prevent acts of unlawful  
seizure of civil aircraft and other unlawful acts against the safety  
of such aircraft, their passengers and crew, airports and air  
navigation facilities, and any other threat to the security of  
civil aviation.  
(a) fail to satisfy the minimum standards established pursuant  
to the Convention, the legislation specified in Part A of  
Annex III, or the equivalent Jordanian Legislation  
compliant with paragraph 1 of this Article, whichever is  
applicable;  
(b) give rise to serious concerns — established through an  
inspection referred to in paragraph 2 — that an aircraft  
or the operation of an aircraft does not comply with the  
minimum standards established pursuant to the Convention,  
the legislation specified in Part A of Annex III, or the  
equivalent Jordanian Legislation compliant with paragraph  
1 of this Article, whichever is applicable; or  
4.  
The Contracting Parties shall, in their mutual relations, act  
in conformity with the aviation security Standards and, so far as  
they are applied by them, the Recommended Practices estab­  
lished by the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO)  
and designated as Annexes to the Chicago Convention, to the  
extent that such security provisions are applicable to the  
Contracting Parties. Both Contracting Parties shall require that  
operators of aircraft of their registry, operators who have their  
principal place of business or permanent residence in their  
territory, and the operators of airports in their territory, act in  
conformity with such aviation security provisions.  
(c) give rise to serious concerns that there is a lack of effective  
maintenance and administration of minimum standards  
established pursuant to the Convention, the legislation  
specified in Part  
A of Annex III, or the equivalent  
Jordanian Legislation compliant with paragraph 1 of this  
Article, whichever is applicable.  
5.  
Each Contracting Party shall ensure that effective measures  
are taken within its territory to protect aircraft, to screen  
passengers and their carry-on items, and to carry out appro­  
priate checks on crew, cargo (including hold baggage) and  
aircraft stores prior to and during boarding or loading and  
that those measures are adjusted to meet increases in the  
threat. Each Contracting Party agrees that their air carriers  
may be required to observe the aviation security provisions  
referred to in paragraph 4 required by the other Contracting  
Party, for entrance into, departure from, or while within, the  
territory of that other Contracting Party.  
5.  
Where the competent authorities of one Contracting Party  
take action under paragraph 4, they shall promptly inform the  
competent authorities of the other Contracting Party of taking  
such action, providing reasons for its action.  
6.  
Where measures taken in application of paragraph 4 are  
not discontinued even though the basis for taking them has  
ceased to exist, either Contracting Party may refer the matter  
to the Joint Committee.  
Article 14  
Aviation Security  
6.  
Each Contracting Party shall also act favourably upon any  
request from the other Contracting Party for reasonable special  
security measures to meet a particular threat. Except in case of  
emergency, each Contracting Party will inform the other  
Contracting Party in advance of any special security measures  
it intends to introduce which could have a significant financial  
or operational impact on the air transport services provided  
under this Agreement. Either Contracting Party may request a  
meeting of the Joint Committee to discuss such security  
measures, as provided for in Article 21 (The Joint Committee)  
of this Agreement.  
1.  
The Contracting Parties shall ensure that their legislation  
delivers, at a minimum, the standards specified in Part B of  
Annex III to this Agreement, under the conditions set out here­  
after.  
2.  
The assurance of safety for civil aircraft, their passengers  
and crew being a fundamental pre-condition for the operation  
of international air services, the Contracting Parties reaffirm  
their obligations to each other to provide for the security of  
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7.  
When an incident or threat of an incident of unlawful  
European Sky, in particular by establishing pertinent  
national supervisory bodies at least functionally independent  
of air navigation service providers; and  
seizure of civil aircraft or other unlawful acts against the  
safety of such aircraft, their passengers and crew, airports or  
air navigation facilities occurs, the Contracting Parties shall  
assist each other by facilitating communications and other  
appropriate measures intended to terminate rapidly and safely  
such incident or threat thereof.  
(b) The European Union shall associate Jordan with relevant  
operational initiatives in the fields of air navigation  
services, airspace and interoperability that stem from the  
Single European Sky, in particular through the early  
involvement of Jordan’s efforts to establish functional  
airspace blocks, or through appropriate coordination on  
SESAR.  
8.  
Each Contracting Party shall take all measures it finds  
practicable to ensure that an aircraft subjected to an act of  
unlawful seizure or other acts of unlawful interference which  
is on the ground in its territory is detained on the ground  
unless its departure is necessitated by the overriding duty to  
protect human life. Wherever practicable, such measures shall  
be taken on the basis of mutual consultations.  
Article 16  
Environment  
9.  
When a Contracting Party has reasonable grounds to  
1.  
The Contracting Parties recognise the importance of  
believe that the other Contracting Party has departed from the  
aviation security provisions of this Article, that Contracting  
Party may request immediate consultations with the other  
Contracting Party.  
protecting the environment when developing and implementing  
international aviation policy.  
2.  
The Contracting Parties recognise the importance of  
working together, and within the framework of multilateral  
discussions, to consider the effects of aviation on the  
environment and the economy, and to ensure that any miti­  
gating measures are fully consistent with the objectives of this  
Agreement.  
10.  
Without prejudice to Article 4 (Refusal, Revocation,  
Suspension, Limitation of Authorisations) of this Agreement,  
failure to reach a satisfactory agreement within fifteen (15)  
days from the date of such request shall constitute grounds to  
withhold, revoke, limit or impose conditions on the operating  
authorisation of one or more air carriers of such other  
Contracting Party.  
3.  
Nothing in this Agreement shall be construed to limit the  
authority of the competent authorities of a Contracting Party to  
take all appropriate measures within its sovereign jurisdiction to  
prevent or otherwise address the environmental impacts of air  
transport provided that such measures are fully consistent with  
their rights and obligations under international law and are  
applied without distinction as to nationality.  
11.  
When required by an immediate and extraordinary  
threat, a Contracting Party may take interim action prior to  
the expiry of fifteen (15) days.  
12.  
Any action taken in accordance with the paragraph 10  
of this Article shall be discontinued upon compliance by the  
other Contracting Party with the provisions of this Article.  
4.  
The Contracting Parties shall ensure that their legislation  
delivers the standards specified in Part D of Annex III to this  
Agreement.  
Article 15  
Air traffic management  
Article 17  
1.  
The Contracting Parties shall ensure that their legislation  
Consumer protection  
delivers the standards specified in Part C of Annex III to this  
Agreement, under the conditions set out hereafter.  
The Contracting Parties shall ensure that their legislation  
delivers the standards relating to air transport specified in Part  
E of Annex III to this Agreement.  
2.  
The Contracting Parties commit themselves to the highest  
degree of cooperation in the field of air traffic management  
with a view to extending the Single European Sky to Jordan  
in order to enhance current safety standards and overall effi­  
ciency for general air traffic standards in Europe, to optimise  
capacities and to minimise delays. To this purpose, an appro­  
priate participation of Jordan to the single sky committee shall  
be ensured. The Joint Committee shall be responsible for moni­  
toring and facilitating cooperation in the field of air traffic  
management.  
Article 18  
Computer reservation systems  
The Contracting Parties shall ensure that their legislation  
delivers the standards specified in Part F of Annex III to this  
Agreement.  
Article 19  
3.  
With a view to facilitating the application of the Single  
Social aspects  
European Sky legislation in their territories:  
The Contracting Parties shall ensure that their legislation  
delivers the standards relating to air transport specified in Part  
G of Annex III to this Agreement.  
(a) Jordan shall take the necessary measures to adjust their air  
traffic management institutional structures to the Single  
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TITLE III  
shall begin at the earliest possible date, but not later than two  
months from the date of receipt of the request, unless otherwise  
agreed by the Contracting Parties.  
INSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS  
Article 20  
6.  
For the purpose of the proper implementation of this  
Interpretation and enforcement  
Agreement, the Contracting Parties shall exchange information  
and, at the request of either Contracting Party, shall hold  
consultations within the Joint Committee.  
1.  
The Contracting Parties shall take all appropriate  
measures, whether general or particular, to ensure fulfilment  
of the obligations arising out of this Agreement and shall  
refrain from any measures which would jeopardise attainment  
of the objectives of this Agreement.  
7.  
If, in the view of one of the Contracting Parties, a decision  
of the Joint Committee is not properly implemented by the  
other Contracting Party, the former may request that the issue  
be discussed by the Joint Committee. If the Joint Committee  
cannot solve the issue within two months of its referral, the  
requesting Contracting Party may take appropriate safeguard  
measures under Article 23 (Safeguard Measures) of this  
Agreement.  
2.  
Each Contracting Party shall be responsible, in its own  
territory, for the proper enforcement of this Agreement and  
in particular the legislation that delivers the standards  
specified in Annex III to this Agreement.  
8.  
The decisions of the Joint Committee shall state the date  
3.  
Each Contracting Party shall give the other Contracting  
of its implementation in the Contracting Parties and any other  
information likely to concern economic operators.  
Party all necessary information and assistance in the case of  
investigations on possible infringements which that other  
Contracting Party carries out under its respective competences  
as provided in this Agreement.  
9.  
Without prejudice to paragraph 2, if the Joint Committee  
does not take a decision on an issue which has been referred to  
it within six months of the date of referral, the Contracting  
Parties may take appropriate temporary safeguard measures  
under Article 23 (Safeguard Measures) of this Agreement.  
4.  
Whenever the Contracting Parties act under the powers  
granted to them by this Agreement on matters which are of  
interest to the other Contracting Party and which concern the  
authorities or undertakings of the other Contracting Party, the  
competent authorities of the other Contracting Party shall be  
fully informed and given the opportunity to comment before a  
final decision is taken.  
10.  
The Joint Committee shall examine questions relating to  
bilateral investments of majority participation, or changes in the  
effective control of air carriers of the Contracting Parties.  
11.  
The Joint Committee shall also develop cooperation by:  
Article 21  
The Joint Committee  
(a) fostering expert-level exchanges on new legislative or regu­  
latory initiatives and developments, including in the fields of  
security, safety, the environment, aviation infrastructure  
(including slots), competitive environment and consumer  
protection;  
1.  
A committee composed of representatives of the  
Contracting Parties (hereinafter referred to as the Joint  
Committee) is hereby established, which shall be responsible  
for the administration of this Agreement and shall ensure its  
proper implementation. For this purpose, it shall make recom­  
mendations and take decisions in the cases provided for in this  
Agreement.  
(b) regularly examining the social effects of this Agreement as it  
is implemented, notably in the area of employment and  
developing appropriate responses to concerns found to be  
legitimate;  
2.  
The decisions of the Joint Committee shall be adopted by  
consensus and shall be binding upon the Contracting Parties.  
They will be put into effect by the Contracting Parties in  
accordance with their own rules.  
(c) considering potential areas for the further development of  
this Agreement, including the recommendation of  
amendments to this Agreement; and  
3.  
The Joint Committee shall adopt, by a decision, its rules of  
(d) agreeing, on the basis of consensus, proposals, approaches  
or documents of a procedural nature directly related to the  
functioning of this Agreement.  
procedure.  
4.  
The Joint Committee shall meet as and when necessary.  
Either Contracting Party may request the convening of  
meeting.  
a
12.  
The Contracting Parties share the goal of maximising the  
benefits for consumers, airlines, labour, and communities by  
extending this Agreement to include third countries. To this  
end, the Joint Committee shall work to develop a proposal  
regarding the conditions and procedures, including any  
necessary amendments to this Agreement, that would be  
required for third countries to accede to this Agreement.  
5.  
A Contracting Party may also request a meeting of the  
Joint Committee to seek to resolve any question relating to the  
interpretation or application of this Agreement. Such a meeting  
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Article 22  
Dispute Resolution and Arbitration  
Either Contracting Party may request the Association  
limit, suspend or revoke the rights or privileges which it had  
granted under the terms of this Agreement from the  
Contracting Party at fault.  
1.  
Council established under the Association Agreement to  
examine any dispute relating to the application or interpretation  
of this Agreement, having not been resolved in accordance with  
Article 21 (The Joint Committee) of this Agreement.  
Article 23  
Safeguard measures  
1.  
The Contracting Parties shall take any general or specific  
measures required to fulfil their obligations under this  
Agreement. They shall see to it that the objectives set out in  
this Agreement are attained.  
2.  
The Association Council established under the Association  
Agreement may settle the dispute by means of a decision.  
3.  
The Contracting Parties shall take the necessary measures  
2.  
If either Contracting Party considers that the other  
to implement the decision referred to in paragraph 2.  
Contracting Party has failed to fulfil an obligation under this  
Agreement, it may take appropriate measures. Safeguard  
measures shall be restricted with regard to their scope and  
duration to what is strictly necessary in order to remedy the  
situation or maintain the balance of this Agreement. Priority  
shall be given to such measures as will least disturb the func­  
tioning of this Agreement.  
4.  
Should the Contracting Parties be unable to settle the  
dispute through the Joint Committee or in accordance with  
paragraph 2, the dispute shall, at the request of either  
Contracting Party, be submitted to an arbitration panel of  
three arbitrators in accordance with the procedure laid down  
hereafter:  
3.  
A Contracting Party which is considering taking safeguard  
(a) each Contracting Party shall appoint an arbitrator within  
sixty (60) days from the date of reception of the notification  
for the request for arbitration by the arbitration panel  
addressed by the other Contracting Party through  
diplomatic channels; the third arbitrator should be  
appointed by the other two arbitrators within sixty (60)  
additional days. If one of the Contracting Parties has not  
appointed an arbitrator within the agreed period, or if the  
third arbitrator is not appointed within the agreed period,  
each Contracting Party may request the President of the  
Council of the ICAO to appoint an arbitrator or arbitrators,  
whichever is applicable;  
measures shall notify the other Contracting Parties through the  
Joint Committee and shall provide all relevant information.  
4.  
The Contracting Parties shall immediately enter into  
consultations in the Joint Committee with a view to finding a  
commonly acceptable solution.  
5.  
Without prejudice to Articles 3(d) (Authorisation),  
Article 4(d) (Refusal, Revocations, Suspension, Limitation of  
Authorisation) and Articles 13 (Aviation safety) and 14  
(Aviation security) of this Agreement, the Contracting Party  
concerned shall not take safeguard measures until one month  
has elapsed after the date of notification under paragraph 3,  
unless the consultation procedure under paragraph 4 has been  
concluded before the expiration of the stated time limit.  
(b) the third arbitrator appointed under the terms of paragraph  
a) above should be a national of a third State and shall act  
as a President of the arbitration panel;  
(c) the arbitration panel shall agree its rules of procedure; and  
6.  
The Contracting Party concerned shall, without delay,  
notify the measures taken to the Joint Committee and shall  
provide all relevant information.  
(d) subject to the final decision of the arbitration panel, the  
initial expenses of the arbitration shall be shared equally  
by the Contracting Parties.  
7.  
Any action taken under the terms of this Article shall be  
suspended, as soon as the Contracting Party at fault satisfies the  
provisions of this Agreement.  
5.  
At the request of a Contracting Party and pending the  
final decision of the arbitration panel, the arbitration panel  
may order the other Contracting Party to implement interim  
relief measures.  
Article 24  
Geographic extension of the Agreement  
6.  
Any provisional decision or final decision of the  
The Contracting Parties commit to conduct  
a continuous  
arbitration panel shall be binding upon the Contracting Parties.  
dialogue to ensure the coherence of this Agreement with the  
Barcelona process and aim, as an ultimate goal, a common Euro  
Mediterranean Aviation Area. Therefore, the possibility of  
mutually agreeing amendments to take into account similar  
Euro Mediterranean Aviation agreements shall be explored  
within the Joint Committee in accordance with paragraph 11  
of Article 21 (The Joint Committee).  
7.  
If one of the Contracting Parties does not act in  
decision of the arbitration panel taken  
conformity with  
a
under the terms of this Article within thirty (30) days from  
the notification of the aforementioned decision, the other  
Contracting Party may, for as long as this failure endures,  
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Article 25  
Relationship to other Agreements  
The provisions of this Agreement supersede the relevant  
proper functioning of this Agreement is being drawn up by one  
of the Contracting Parties, it shall inform and consult the other  
Contracting Party as closely as possible. At the request of one of  
the Contracting Parties, a preliminary exchange of views may  
take place in the Joint Committee.  
1.  
provisions of existing bilateral agreements between Jordan and  
the Member States. However, existing traffic rights which  
originate from these bilateral agreements and which are not  
covered under this Agreement can continue to be exercised,  
provided that there is no discrimination between air carriers  
of the European Union on the basis of nationality.  
5.  
As soon as a Contracting Party has adopted new legis­  
lation or an amendment to its legislation in the field of air  
transport or an associated area mentioned in Annex III that  
could impact the proper functioning of this Agreement, it  
shall inform the other Contracting Party not later than thirty  
days after its adoption. Upon the request of any Contracting  
Party, the Joint Committee shall within sixty days thereafter  
hold an exchange of views on the implications of such new  
legislation or amendment for the proper functioning of this  
Agreement.  
2.  
Notwithstanding Paragraph 1 of this Article, and subject  
to Article 27 (Termination), if this Agreement is terminated or  
ceases to be provisionally applied, the regime applicable to air  
services between the Contracting Parties’ respective territories  
may be agreed by them prior to termination.  
6.  
Following the exchanges of view referred to in paragraph  
5 above, the Joint Committee shall:  
3.  
If the Contracting Parties become parties to a multilateral  
agreement, or endorse a decision adopted by ICAO or another  
international organisation, that addresses matters covered by  
this Agreement, they shall consult in the Joint Committee to  
determine whether this Agreement should be revised to take  
into account such developments.  
(a) adopt a decision revising Annex III of this Agreement so as  
to integrate therein, if necessary on a basis of reciprocity,  
the new legislation or amendment in question;  
(b) adopt a decision to the effect that the new legislation or  
amendment in question shall be regarded as in accordance  
with this Agreement; or  
4.  
This Agreement shall be without prejudice to any decision  
by the two Contracting Parties to implement future recommen­  
dations that may be made by the ICAO. The Contracting Parties  
shall not cite this Agreement, or any part of it, as the basis for  
opposing consideration in the ICAO of alternative policies on  
any matter covered by this Agreement.  
(c) recommend any other measures, to be adopted within a  
reasonable period of time, to safeguard the proper func­  
tioning of this Agreement.  
Article 26  
Article 27  
Amendments  
Termination  
1.  
If one of the Contracting Parties wishes to amend the  
provisions of this Agreement, it shall notify the Joint  
Committee accordingly. The amendment to this Agreement  
shall enter into force after completion of the respective  
internal procedures of each contracting party.  
1.  
2.  
This Agreement is concluded for an unlimited period.  
Either Contracting Party may, at any time, give notice in  
writing through diplomatic channels to the other Contracting  
Party of its decision to terminate this Agreement. Such notice  
shall be sent simultaneously to ICAO. This Agreement shall  
terminate at midnight GMT at the end of the IATA traffic  
season in effect one year following the date of written notifi­  
cation of termination, unless:  
2.  
The Joint Committee may, upon the proposal of one  
Contracting Party and in accordance with this Article, decide  
to modify the Annexes to this Agreement.  
3.  
This Agreement shall be without prejudice to the right of  
(a) the notice is withdrawn by agreement of the Contracting  
Parties before the expiry of this period; or  
each Contracting Party, subject to compliance with the principle  
of non-discrimination to unilaterally adopt new legislation or  
amend its existing legislation in the field of air transport or an  
associated area mentioned in Annex III to this Agreement.  
(b) the Contracting Party other than the one giving the notice  
for termination requests  
a longer period of time, not  
exceeding 18 months, in order to ensure satisfactory  
negotiation of the subsequent regime applicable to air  
services between their respective territories.  
4.  
As soon as new legislation in the field of air transport or  
an associated area covered by Annex III that could impact the  
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Article 28  
communications from each Member State confirming that its  
necessary procedures for entry into force of this Agreement  
have been completed.  
Registration with the International Civil Aviation  
Organisation and the United Nations Secretariat  
2.  
Notwithstanding Paragraph  
1
of this Article, the  
This Agreement and all amendments thereto shall be registered  
with the ICAO and with the UN Secretariat.  
Contracting Parties agree to provisionally apply this  
Agreement from the first day of the month following the  
earliest of (i) the date of the latest note of which the Parties  
have notified each other of the completion of the procedures  
necessary to provisionally apply this Agreement, or (ii) subject  
to the internal procedures and/or domestic legislation, as appli­  
cable, of the Contracting Parties, the date that falls 12 months  
from the date of signature of this Agreement.  
Article 29  
Entry into force  
1.  
This Agreement shall enter into force one month after the  
date of the last note in an exchange of diplomatic notes  
between the Contracting Parties confirming that all necessary  
procedures for entry into force of this Agreement have been  
completed. For purposes of this exchange, the Hashemite  
Kingdom of Jordan shall deliver to the General Secretariat of  
the Council of the European Union its diplomatic note to the  
European Union and its Member States, and the General Secre­  
tariat of the Council of the European Union shall deliver to the  
Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan the diplomatic note from the  
European Union and its Member States. The diplomatic note  
from the European Union and its Member States shall contain  
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned, being duly authorised,  
have signed this Agreement.  
Done at Brussels on the fifteenth day of December in the year  
two thousand and ten, in duplicate, in the Bulgarian, Czech,  
Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German,  
Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish,  
Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish and  
Arabic languages, each text being equally authentic.  
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Voor het Koninkrijk België  
Pour le Royaume de Belgique  
Für das Königreich Belgien  
Deze handtekening verbindt eveneens het Vlaamse Gewest, het Waalse Gewest en het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest.  
Cette signature engage égalament la Région wallonne, la Région flamande et la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale.  
Diese Unterschrift bindet zugleich die Wallonische Region, die Flämische Region und die Region Brüssel-Hauptstadt.  
За Република България  
Za Českou republiku  
På Kongeriget Danmarks vegne  
Für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland  
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Eesti Vabariigi nimel  
Thar cheann Na hÉireann  
For Ireland  
Για την Ελληνική Δημοκρατία  
Por el Reino de España  
Pour la République française  
Per la Repubblica italiana  
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Για την Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία  
Latvijas Republikas vārdā –  
Lietuvos Respublikos vardu  
Pour le Grand-Duché de Luxembourg  
A Magyar Köztársaság részéről  
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Għal Malta  
Voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden  
Für die Republik Österreich  
W imieniu Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej  
Pela República Portuguesa  
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Pentru România  
Za Republiko Slovenijo  
Za Slovenskú republiku  
Suomen tasavallan puolesta  
För Republiken Finland  
För Konungariket Sverige  
For the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland  
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За Европейския съюз  
Por la Unión Europea  
Za Evropskou unii  
For Den Europæiske Union  
Für die Europäische Union  
Euroopa Liidu nimel  
Για την Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση  
For the European Union  
Pour l'Union européenne  
Per l'Unione europea  
Eiropas Savienības vārdā –  
Europos Sąjungos vardu  
Az Európai Unió részéről  
Għall-Unjoni Ewropea  
Voor de Europese Unie  
W imieniu Unii Europejskiej  
Pela União Europeia  
Pentru Uniunea Europeană  
Za Európsku úniu  
Za Evropsko unijo  
Euroopan unionin puolesta  
För Europeiska unionen  
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ANNEX I  
AGREED SERVICES AND SPECIFIED ROUTES  
1. This Annex is subject to the transitional provisions contained in Annex II to this Agreement.  
2. Each Contracting Party grants to the air carriers of the other Contracting Party the rights to provide air transport  
services on the routes specified hereunder:  
(a) for air carriers of the European Union: Points in the European Union — One or more intermediate points in  
Euromed countries, ECAA countries, or countries listed in Annex IV — One or more points in Jordan;  
(b) for air carriers of Jordan: Points in Jordan — One or more intermediate points in Euromed countries, ECAA  
countries or countries listed in Annex IV — One or more points in the European Union.  
3. The services operated, according to paragraph 2 of the present Annex, shall originate or terminate in the territory of  
Jordan, for Jordan air carriers, and in the territory of the European Union for Community air carriers.  
4. The air carriers of each Contracting Party may on any or all flights and at their option:  
(a) operate flights in either or both directions;  
(b) combine different flight numbers within one aircraft operation;  
(c) serve intermediate, as specified in paragraph 2 of this Annex, and points in the territories of the Contracting  
Parties in any combination and in any order;  
(d) omit stops at any point or points;  
(e) transfer traffic from any of its aircraft to any of its other aircraft at any point;  
(f) make stopovers at any points whether within or outside the territory of either Contracting Party;  
(g) carry transit traffic through the other Contracting Party’s territory; and  
(h) combine traffic on the same aircraft regardless of where such traffic originates.  
5. Each Contracting Party shall allow each air carrier to determine the frequency and capacity of the international air  
transport it offers based upon commercial considerations in the marketplace. Consistent with this right, neither  
Contracting Party shall unilaterally limit the volume of traffic, frequency or regularity of service, or the aircraft  
type or types operated by the air carriers of the other Contracting Party, except for customs, technical, operational,  
environmental, protection of health reasons.  
6. The air carriers of each Contracting Party may serve, notably but not exclusively within the framework of code share  
arrangements, any points located in a third country that is not included on the specified routes, provided that they do  
not exercise 5th freedom rights.  
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ANNEX II  
TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS  
1. The implementation and application of all the provisions of this Agreement, especially the standards specified in  
Annex III, except part B of that Annex, shall be verified by an evaluation under the responsibility of the European  
Union and shall be approved by a decision of the Joint Committee. Such an evaluation shall be conducted on the  
earliest of (i) the date on which Jordan notifies the Joint Committee of its fulfilment of the harmonisation process  
based on Annex III of this Agreement, or (ii) one year after the entry into force of this Agreement.  
2. Notwithstanding the provisions of Annex I, the agreed services and specified routes of this Agreement, shall not  
include, until the moment of the adoption of the decision referred to in paragraph 1 of this Annex II, the right for the  
air carriers of all Contracting Parties to exercise 5th freedom rights, including for the air carriers of Jordan between  
points within the territory of the European Union. However, all traffic rights already granted by one of the bilateral  
agreements between Jordan and the Member States of the European Union can continue to be exercised insofar as  
there is no discrimination between air carriers of the European Union on the basis of nationality.  
3. Notwithstanding paragraph 1 of this Annex, the implementation and application of the security standards specified in  
part B of Annex III shall be verified by an evaluation under the responsibility of the European Union and shall be  
approved by a decision of the Joint Committee. The confidential parts of the security legislation indicated in Part B of  
Annex III will be shared with Jordan only once such a decision is adopted.  
4. All Air Carriers of both Contracting Parties shall benefit from the right provided in Article 8 paragraph 3(a)(i) (‘self-  
handling’) at the Queen Alia International Airport on 1 January 2016 at the latest. In the meantime, all ground-  
handling services at that airport shall be available on an equal and non-discriminatory basis to all air carriers; prices of  
such services shall not exceed their full cost including a reasonable return on assets, after depreciation.  
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ANNEX III  
LIST OF CIVIL AVIATION RULES  
A. AVIATION SAFETY  
No 3922/91  
Council Regulation (EEC) No 3922/91 of 16 December 1991 on the harmonisation of technical requirements and  
administrative procedures in the field of civil aviation  
as amended by:  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 2176/96 of 13 November 1996 amending to scientific and technical progress  
Council Regulation (EEC) No 3922/91,  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 1069/1999 of 25 May 1999 adapting to scientific and technical progress Council  
Regulation (EEC) No 3922/91,  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 2871/2000 of 28 December 2000 adapting to scientific and technical progress  
Council Regulation (EEC) No 3922/91 on the harmonisation of technical requirements and administrative  
procedures in the field of civil aviation,  
— Regulation (EC) No 1592/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 July 2002 on common rules  
in the field of civil aviation and establishing a European Aviation Safety Agency  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 10, 12 to 13 with the exception of Article 4, paragraph 1 and Article 8 paragraph  
2, sentence 2, Annexes I, II and III. As regards the application of Article 12 ‘Member States’ shall read ‘Member States  
of the European Union’.  
— Regulation (EC) No 1899/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 amending  
Council Regulation (EEC) No 3922/91 on the harmonisation of technical requirements and administrative  
procedures in the field of civil aviation,  
— Regulation (EC) No 1900/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 amending  
Council Regulation (EEC) No 3922/91 on the harmonisation of technical requirements and administrative  
procedures in the field of civil aviation,  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 8/2008 of 11 December 2007 amending Council Regulation (EEC) No 3922/91  
as regards common technical requirements and administrative procedures applicable to commercial transportation  
by aeroplane,  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 859/2008 of 20 August 2008 amending Council Regulation (EEC) No 3922/91  
as regards common technical requirements and administrative procedures applicable to commercial transportation  
by aeroplane  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 10, 12 to 13 with the exception of Article 4(1) and Article 8(2) (second sentence),  
Annexes I to III. As regards the application of Article 12, ‘Member States’ shall read ‘Member States of the European  
Union’.  
No 216/2008  
Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 February 2008 on common rules  
in the field of civil aviation and establishing a European Aviation Safety Agency, and repealing Council Directive  
91/670/EEC, Regulation (EC) No 1592/2002 and Directive 2004/36/EC  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 68 with the exception of Article 65, the second subparagraph of Article 69(1),  
Article 69(4), Annexes I to VI  
No 94/56  
Council Directive 94/56/EC of 21 November 1994 establishing the fundamental principles governing the investi­  
gations of civil aviation accidents and incidents  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 12  
No 2003/42  
Directive 2003/42/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 13 June 2003 on occurrence reporting in civil  
aviation  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 11, Annexes I and II  
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No 1702/2003  
Commission Regulation (EC) No 1702/2003 of 24 September 2003 laying down implementing rules for the  
airworthiness and environmental certification of aircraft and related products, parts and appliances, as well as for  
the certification of design and production organisations as amended by:  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 381/2005 of 7 March 2005 amending Regulation (EC) No 1702/2003 laying  
down implementing rules for the airworthiness and environmental certification of aircraft and related products,  
parts and appliances, as well as for the certification of design and production organisations,  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 706/2006 of 8 May 2006 amending Regulation (EC) No 1702/2003 as regards  
the period during which Member States may issue approvals of a limited duration,  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 335/2007 of 28 March 2007 amending Regulation (EC) No 1702/2003 as  
regards the implementing rules related to environmental certification of aircraft and related products, parts and  
appliances,  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 375/2007 of 30 March 2007 amending Regulation (EC) No 1702/2003 laying  
down implementing rules for the airworthiness and environmental certification of aircraft and related products,  
parts and appliances, as well as for the certification of design and production organisations,  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 287/2008 of 28 March 2008 on the extension of the period of validity of  
referred to in Article 2c(3) of Regulation (EC) No 1702/2003,  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 1057/2008 of 27 October 2008 amending Appendix II of Annex to Regulation  
(EC) No 1702/2003 concerning the Airworthiness Review Certificate (EASA Form 15a)  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 4, Annex. The transitional periods referred to in this Regulation shall be  
determined by the Joint Committee.  
No 2042/2003  
Commission Regulation (EC) No 2042/2003 of 20 November 2003 on the continuing airworthiness of aircraft and  
aeronautical products, parts and appliances, and on the approval of organisations and personnel involved in these  
tasks  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 6, Annexes I to IV  
As amended by:  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 707/2006 of 8 May 2006 amending Regulation (EC) No 2042/2003 as regards  
approvals of a limited duration and Annexes I and III,  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 376/2007 of 30 March 2007 amending Regulation (EC) No 2042/2003 on the  
continuing airworthiness of aircraft and aeronautical products, parts and appliances, and on the approval of  
organisations and personnel involved in these tasks,  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 1056/2008 of 27 October 2008 amending Regulation (EC) No 2042/2003 on  
the continuing airworthiness of aircraft and aeronautical products, parts and appliances, and on the approval of  
organisations and personnel involved in these tasks  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 6, Annexes I to IV  
B. AVIATION SECURITY  
No 300/2008  
Regulation (EC) No 300/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2008 on common rules in  
the field of civil aviation security and repealing Regulation (EC) No 2320/2002  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 18, Article 21, Article 24(2)-(3), Annex  
No 820/2008  
Commission Regulation (EC) No 820/2008 of 8 August 2008 laying down measures for the implementation of the  
common basic standards on aviation security  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 6, Annex, Attachment 1  
No 1217/2003  
Commission Regulation (EC) No 1217/2003 of 4 July 2003 laying down common specifications for national civil  
aviation security quality control programmes  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 11, Annexes I and II  
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No 1486/2003  
Commission Regulation (EC) No 1486/2003 of 22 August 2003 laying down procedures for conducting Commission  
inspections in the field of civil aviation security  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 16  
No 1138/2004  
Commission Regulation (EC) No 1138/2004 of 21 June 2004 establishing a common definition of critical parts of  
security restricted areas at airports  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 8  
C. AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT  
No 549/2004  
Regulation (EC) No 549/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2004 laying down the  
framework for the creation of the single European sky (the ‘framework Regulation’)  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 4, 6, and 9 to 14.  
No 550/2004  
Regulation (EC) No 550/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2004 on the provision of  
air navigation services in the single European sky (the service provision Regulation)  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 19  
No 551/2004  
Regulation (EC) No 551/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2004 on the organisation  
and use of the airspace in the single European sky (the airspace Regulation)  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 11  
No 552/2004  
Regulation (EC) No 552/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2004 on the inter­  
operability of the European Air Traffic Management network (the interoperability Regulation)  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 12  
No 2096/2005  
Commission Regulation (EC) No 2096/2005 of 20 December 2005 laying down common requirements for the  
provision of air navigation services as amended by:  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 1315/2007 of 8 November 2007 on safety oversight in air traffic management  
and amending Regulation (EC) No 2096/2005  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 9, Annexes I to V  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 482/2008 of 30 May 2008 establishing a software safety assurance system to be  
implemented by air navigation service providers and amending Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 2096/2005  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 5, Annexes I to II  
No 2150/2005  
Commission Regulation (EC) No 2150/2005 of 23 December 2005 laying down common rules for the flexible use of  
airspace  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 9, Annex  
No 1794/2006  
Commission regulation (EC) No 1794/2006 of 6 December 2006 laying down a common charging scheme for air  
navigation services  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 17, Articles 18 to 19, Annexes I to VI  
D. ENVIRONMENT  
No 2006/93  
Directive 2006/93/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 on the regulation of the  
operation of aeroplanes covered by Part II, Chapter 3, Volume 1 of Annex 16 to the Convention on International Civil  
Aviation, second edition (1988)  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 6 and Annexes I and II  
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No 2002/30  
Directive 2002/30/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 March 2002 on the establishment of rules  
and procedures with regard to the introduction of noise-related operating restrictions at Community airports  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 15, Annexes I and II  
No 2002/49  
Directive 2002/49/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 June 2002 relating to the assessment and  
management of environmental noise  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 16, Annexes I to IV  
E. CONSUMER PROTECTION  
No 90/314  
Council Directive 90/314/EEC of 13 June 1990 on package travel, package holidays and package tours  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 10  
No 93/13  
Council Directive 93/13/EEC of 5 April 1993 on unfair terms in consumer contracts  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 10 and Annex  
No 95/46  
Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of  
individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 34  
No 2027/97  
Council Regulation (EC) No 2027/97 of 9 October 1997 on air carrier liability in the event of accidents  
as amended by:  
— Regulation (EC) No 889/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 May 2002 amending Council  
Regulation (EC) No 2027/97  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 8  
No 261/2004  
Regulation (EC) No 261/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 February 2004 establishing  
common rules on compensation and assistance to passengers in the event of denied boarding and of cancellation or  
long delay of flights, and repealing Regulation (EEC) No 295/91  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 17  
No 1107/2006  
Regulation (EC) No 1107/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 July 2006 concerning the rights  
of disabled persons and persons with reduced mobility when travelling by air  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 17, Annexes I and II  
F. COMPUTER RESERVATION SYSTEMS  
No 80/2009  
Regulation (EC) No 80/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 January 2009 on a Code of  
Conduct for computerised reservation systems and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 2299/89  
G. SOCIAL ASPECTS  
No 1989/391  
Council Directive 89/391/EEC of 12 June 1989 on the introduction of measures to encourage improvements in the  
safety and health of workers at work  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 16, and 18-19  
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No 2003/88  
Directive 2003/88/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 November 2003 concerning certain aspects  
of the organisation of working time  
Applicable provisions: Articles 1 to 19, 21 to 24 and 26 to 29  
No 2000/79  
Council Directive 2000/79/EC of 27 November 2000 concerning the European agreement on the organisation of  
working time of mobile workers in civil aviation concluded by the Association of European Air carriers (AEA), the  
European Transport Workers’ Federation (ETF), the European Cockpit Association (ECA), the European Regions Air