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EURO-MEDITERRANEAN AVIATION AGREEMENT  
between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part and the government of the  
State of Israel, of the other part  
THE KINGDOM OF BELGIUM,  
THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA,  
THE CZECH REPUBLIC,  
THE KINGDOM OF DENMARK,  
THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY,  
THE REPUBLIC OF ESTONIA,  
IRELAND,  
THE HELLENIC REPUBLIC,  
THE KINGDOM OF SPAIN,  
THE FRENCH REPUBLIC,  
THE ITALIAN REPUBLIC,  
THE REPUBLIC OF CYPRUS,  
THE REPUBLIC OF LATVIA,  
THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA,  
THE GRAND DUCHY OF LUXEMBOURG,  
HUNGARY,  
MALTA,  
THE KINGDOM OF THE NETHERLANDS,  
THE REPUBLIC OF AUSTRIA,  
THE REPUBLIC OF POLAND,  
THE PORTUGUESE REPUBLIC,  
ROMANIA,  
THE REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA,  
THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC,  
THE REPUBLIC OF FINLAND,  
THE KINGDOM OF SWEDEN,  
THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND,  
Contracting Parties to the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union, here­  
inafter referred to as the "Member States", and  
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THE EUROPEAN UNION,  
of the one part, and  
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE STATE OF ISRAEL, hereinafter referred to as "Israel",  
of the other part,  
DESIRING to promote an international aviation system based on fair competition among air carriers in the marketplace  
with minimum government interference and regulation;  
DESIRING to facilitate the expansion of international air transport opportunities, including through the development of  
air transport networks to meet the needs of passengers and shippers for convenient air transport services;  
RECOGNISING the importance of air transport in promoting trade, tourism and investment;  
DESIRING to make it possible for air carriers to offer the travelling and shipping public competitive prices and services in  
open markets;  
RECOGNISING the potential benefits of regulatory convergence and, to the extent practical, harmonisation of regulations;  
DESIRING to have all sectors of the air transport industry, including air carrier workers, benefit in a liberalised  
environment;  
DESIRING to ensure the highest degree of safety and security in international air transport and reaffirming their grave  
concern with regard to acts or threats against the security of aircraft, which jeopardise the safety of persons or property,  
adversely affect the operation of air transport and undermine public confidence in the safety of civil aviation;  
RECOGNISING the security needs in connection with the air relations between the European Union and Israel, as a result  
of the current Geo-Political situation;  
NOTING the Convention on International Civil Aviation opened for signature at Chicago on 7 December 1944;  
RECOGNISING that this Euro-Mediterranean Aviation Agreement lies within the scope of the Euro-Mediterranean Part­  
nership envisaged in the Declaration of Barcelona of 28 November 1995;  
NOTING their common will to promote a Euro-Mediterranean Aviation Area based on the principles of regulatory  
convergence, regulatory cooperation and liberalisation of market access;  
DESIRING to ensure a level playing field allowing fair and equal opportunity for air carriers to provide air transport;  
RECOGNISING that subsidies may adversely affect air carrier competition and may jeopardise the basic objectives of this  
Agreement;  
AFFIRMING the importance of protecting the environment in developing and implementing international aviation policy  
and recognising the rights of sovereign States to take appropriate measures to this effect;  
NOTING the importance of protecting consumers, including the protections afforded by the Convention for the Unifi­  
cation of Certain Rules for International Carriage by Air, done at Montreal on 28 May 1999, insofar as the Contracting  
Parties are parties to this Convention;  
NOTING that this Agreement implies the exchange of personal data, which will be subject to the data protection  
legislation of the Contracting Parties and of the Commission Decision of 31 January 2011 pursuant to Directive  
95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the adequate protection of personal data by the State of  
Israel with regard to automated processing of personal data (2011/61/EU);  
INTENDING to build upon the framework of existing air transport agreements with the goal of opening access to markets  
and maximising benefits for the consumers, air carriers, labour, and communities of the Contracting Parties;  
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NOTING that this Agreement is to be applied in a progressive but integral way, and that a suitable mechanism can ensure  
the establishment of equivalent regulatory requirements and standards for civil aviation based on the highest standards  
applied by the Contracting Parties;  
HAVE AGREED AS FOLLOWS:  
Article 1  
another state ("the Recipient State"), to provide inter­  
national air transport services between the territory of  
the Granting State and the territory of a third state,  
subject to the condition that such services originate or  
terminate in the territory of the Recipient State;  
Definitions  
For the purposes of this Agreement, unless otherwise provided:  
(1) "Agreed services" and "specified routes" mean international  
air transport pursuant to Article 2 and Annex I of this  
Agreement;  
(11) "Fitness" means whether an air carrier is fit to operate  
international air services, that is to say, whether it has  
satisfactory financial capability and adequate managerial  
expertise and is disposed to comply with the laws, regu­  
lations and requirements which govern the operation of  
such services;  
(2) "Agreement" means this Agreement, its Annexes, and any  
amendments thereto;  
(12) "Full cost" means the cost of providing service plus a  
reasonable charge for administrative overhead and where  
relevant any applicable charges aimed at reflecting envi­  
ronmental costs and applied without distinction as to  
nationality;  
(3) "Air carrier" means an undertaking with a valid operating  
licence;  
(4) "Air transport" means the carriage by civil aircraft of  
passengers, baggage, cargo, and mail, separately or in  
combination, held out to the public for remuneration or  
hire, which, for the avoidance of doubt, shall include  
scheduled and non-scheduled (charter) air transport, and  
full cargo services;  
(13) "International air transport" means air transport that  
passes through the airspace over the territory of at least  
two States;  
(14) "IATA" means the International Air Transport Association;  
(5) "Association Agreement" means the Euro-Mediterranean  
Agreement establishing an association between the  
European Communities and their Member States, of the  
one part, and the State of Israel, of the other part, signed  
at Brussels on 20 November 1995;  
(15) "ICAO" means the International Civil Aviation Organi­  
sation;  
(16) "National" means:  
(a) any person having Israeli citizenship in the case of  
Israel, or the nationality of a Member State in the  
case of the European Union and its Member States; or  
(6) "Competent authorities" means the government agencies  
or entities responsible for the administrative functions  
under this Agreement;  
(b) any legal entity (i) which is owned directly or through  
majority ownership and at all times is effectively  
controlled by persons or entities having Israeli citi­  
zenship in the case of Israel, or persons or entities  
having the nationality of a Member State or one of  
the other states listed in Annex III in the case of the  
European Union and its Member States, and (ii) the  
principal place of business of which is in Israel in  
the case of Israel, or in a Member State in the case  
of the European Union and its Member States;  
(7) "Contracting Parties" means, on the one hand, the  
European Union or its Member States, or the European  
Union and its Member States, in accordance with their  
respective powers, and, on the other hand, Israel;  
(8) "Convention" means the Convention on International Civil  
Aviation, opened for signature at Chicago on 7 December  
1944, and includes:  
(a) any amendment that has entered into force under  
Article 94(a) of the Convention and has been ratified  
by both Israel and the Member State or Member States  
of the European Union, and  
(17) "Nationality", when referred to an air carrier, means  
whether an air carrier satisfies requirements regarding  
such issues as its ownership, effective control and  
principal place of business;  
(b) any Annex or any amendment thereto adopted under  
Article 90 of the Convention, insofar as such Annex or  
amendment is at any given time effective for both  
Israel and the Member State or Member States of the  
European Union as is relevant to the issue in question;  
(18) "Non-scheduled air service" means any commercial air  
service other than a scheduled air service;  
(19) "Operating license" means, (i) in the case of the European  
Union and its Member States an operating license and any  
other relevant documents or certificates given under Regu­  
lation EC 1008/2008 and any successor instrument, and  
(ii) in the case of Israel an Air Operating License and any  
other relevant documents or certificates given under  
Article 18 of The Israeli Air Navigation Law 2011 and  
any successor instrument;  
(9) "EU Treaties" mean the Treaty on European Union and the  
Treaty on the functioning of the European Union;  
(10) "Fifth freedom right" means the right or privilege granted  
by one state (the "Granting State") to the air carriers of  
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(20) "Price" means:  
funds to the company, the assumption of liabilities of  
the company such as loan guarantees, capital injec­  
tions, ownership, protection against bankruptcy or  
insurance;  
(a) "air fares" to be paid to air carriers or their agents or  
other ticket sellers for the carriage of passengers and  
baggage on air services and any conditions under  
which those fares apply, including remuneration and  
conditions offered to agency and other auxiliary  
services; and  
(b) revenue of the competent authorities, a government, a  
regional body or another public organisation that is  
otherwise due is foregone or not collected;  
(b) "air rates" to be paid for the carriage of cargo and any  
conditions under which those rates apply, including  
remuneration and conditions offered to agency and  
other auxiliary services.  
(c) the competent authorities, a government, a regional  
body or another public organisation provide goods  
or services other than general infrastructure, or  
purchase goods or services; or  
This definition covers, where relevant, the surface transport  
in connection with international air transport and the  
applicable conditions;  
(d) the competent authorities, a government, a regional  
body or another public organisation make payments  
to a funding mechanism or entrust or direct a private  
body to carry out one or more of the type of functions  
illustrated under (a), (b) and (c) which would normally  
be vested in the government and, in practice, in no  
real sense differs from practices normally followed by  
governments;  
(21) "Principal place of business" means the head office or  
registered office of an air carrier in the Contracting Party  
within which the principal financial functions and oper­  
ational control, including continued airworthiness  
management, of the air carrier are exercised, as listed in  
its Operating license;  
and where a benefit is thereby conferred;  
(22) "Public service obligation" means any obligation imposed  
upon air carriers to ensure on  
a specified route the  
(26) "Territory" means, for Israel, the territory of the State of  
Israel, and, for the European Union, the land areas  
(mainland and islands), internal waters and territorial sea  
in which the EU Treaties are applied and under the  
conditions laid down in the EU Treaties and any  
successor instrument. The application of this Agreement  
to the airport of Gibraltar is understood to be without  
prejudice to the respective legal positions of the  
Kingdom of Spain and the United Kingdom with regard  
to their dispute over sovereignty over the territory in  
which the airport is situated and to the continuing  
suspension of Gibraltar Airport from EU aviation  
measures existing as at 18 September 2006 as between  
Member States in accordance with the terms of the Minis­  
terial Statement on Gibraltar Airport agreed in Cordoba on  
18 September 2006. The application of this Agreement is  
understood to be without prejudice to the status of the  
territories that came under Israeli administration after June  
1967;  
minimum provision of scheduled air services satisfying  
fixed standards of continuity, regularity, pricing and  
minimum capacity which air carriers would not assume  
if they were solely considering their commercial interest.  
Air carriers may be compensated by the Contracting Party  
concerned for fulfilling public service obligations;  
(23) "Scheduled air service" means a series of flights possessing  
all the following characteristics:  
(a) on each flight seats and/or capacity to transport cargo  
and/or mail are available for individual purchase by the  
public (either directly from the air carrier or from its  
authorised agents);  
(b) it is operated so as to serve traffic between the same  
two or more airports, either:  
— according to a published timetable, or  
(27) "User charge" means a charge imposed on air carriers for  
the provision of airport, airport environmental, air navi­  
gation, or aviation security facilities or services including  
related services and facilities;  
— with flights so regular or frequent that they  
constitute a recognisably systematic series;  
(24) "SESAR" (Single European Sky ATM Research) means the  
technical implementation of the Single European Sky  
TITLE I  
ECONOMIC PROVISIONS  
Article 2  
which provides  
a coordinated, synchronised research,  
development and deployment of the new generations of  
air traffic management systems;  
(25) "Subsidy" means any financial contribution granted by the  
competent authorities, a government, a regional organi­  
sation or another public organisation, i.e. when:  
Traffic Rights  
1.  
Each Contracting Party shall grant to the other  
Contracting Party, in accordance with Annex I and Annex II,  
the following rights for the conduct of international air  
transport by the air carriers of the other Contracting Party:  
(a) a practice of the competent authorities, a government,  
a
regional body or another public organisation  
involves a direct transfer of funds such as grants,  
loans or equity infusion, potential direct transfer of  
(a) the right to fly across its territory without landing;  
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(b) the right to make stops in its territory for any purpose other  
than taking on or discharging passengers, baggage, cargo  
and/or mail in air transport (non-traffic purposes);  
— the air carrier is owned, directly or by majority partici­  
pation, and it is effectively controlled by European  
Union Member States and/or by nationals of European  
Union Member States, or by other States listed in Annex  
III and/or of nationals of these other States;  
(c) while operating an agreed service on a specified route, the  
right to make stops in its territory for the purpose of taking  
up and discharging international traffic in passengers, cargo  
and/or mail, separately or in combination; and  
(c) the air carrier meets the conditions prescribed under the  
laws and regulations normally applied by the competent  
authority for the operation of international air transport;  
and  
(d) the rights otherwise specified in this Agreement.  
2.  
Nothing in this Agreement shall be deemed to confer on  
(d) the provisions set forth in Article 13 and Article 14are  
being maintained and administered.  
the air carriers of:  
(a) Israel the right to take on board, in the territory of any  
Member State, passengers, baggage, cargo, and/or mail  
carried for compensation and destined for another point  
in the territory of that Member State;  
Article 3 bis  
Reciprocal Recognition of Regulatory Determinations with  
Regard to Air Carrier Fitness and Nationality  
Upon receipt of an application for authorisation from an air  
carrier of one Contracting Party, the competent authorities of  
the other Contracting Party shall recognise any fitness and/or  
nationality determination made by the competent authorities of  
the first Contracting Party with respect to that air carrier as if  
such determination had been made by its own competent auth­  
orities, and shall not inquire further into such matters, except as  
provided for in subparagraph a) below.  
(b) the European Union the right to take on board, in the  
territory of Israel, passengers, baggage, cargo, and/or mail  
carried for compensation and destined for another point in  
the territory of Israel.  
Article 3  
Authorisation  
1.  
On receipt of applications for operating authorisation  
(a) If, after receipt of an application for authorisation from an  
air carrier, or after the grant of such authorisation, the  
competent authorities of the receiving Contracting Party  
have a specific concern based on reasonable doubt that,  
despite the determination made by the competent auth­  
orities of the other Contracting Party, the conditions  
prescribed in Article 3 of this Agreement for the grant of  
appropriate authorisations or permissions have not been  
met, then they shall promptly advise those authorities,  
giving substantive reasons for their concern. In that event,  
either Contracting Party may seek consultations which may  
include representatives of the competent authorities of the  
Contracting Parties, and/or additional information relevant  
to this concern, and such requests shall be met as soon as  
practicable. If the matter remains unresolved, either  
Contracting Party may bring the matter to the Joint  
Committee set up under Article 22 of this Agreement and  
may, in accordance with paragraphs 7 and 9 of Article 22,  
take appropriate safeguard measures under Article 24.  
from an air carrier of one of the Contracting Parties, the  
competent authorities shall grant appropriate authorisations  
with minimum procedural delay, provided that:  
(a) for an air carrier of Israel:  
— the air carrier has its principal place of business in Israel,  
and has received its operating licence in accordance with  
the law of Israel; and  
— effective regulatory control of the air carrier is exercised  
and maintained by Israel; and  
— the air carrier is owned, directly or by majority partici­  
pation, and effectively controlled by Israel and/or its  
nationals;  
(b) for an air carrier of the European Union:  
(b) These procedures do not cover recognition of deter­  
minations in relation to:  
— the air carrier has its principal place of business in the  
territory of a European Union Member State under the  
EU Treaties, and has received its operating licence in  
accordance with European Union law; and  
(i) Safety certificates or licences;  
(ii) Security arrangements; or  
(iii) Insurance coverage.  
— effective regulatory control of the air carrier is exercised  
and maintained by the European Union Member State  
responsible for issuing its Air Operator Certificate and  
the competent authority is clearly identified; and  
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Article 4  
accordance with Article 22(10) that reciprocal arrangements are  
available, the Contracting Parties may allow majority ownership  
and/or the effective control of air carriers of Israel by European  
Union Member States or their nationals, or of air carriers of the  
European Union by Israel or its nationals in accordance with  
the conditions of paragraph 2 of this Article.  
Refusal, Revocation, Suspension or Limitation of Authori­  
sation  
1.  
The competent authorities of either Contracting Party may  
refuse, revoke, suspend or limit the operating authorisations or  
otherwise suspend or limit the operations of an air carrier of  
another Contracting Party where:  
2.  
In relation to paragraph 1 of this Article, specific  
investments by Contracting Parties' interests shall be individually  
permitted by virtue of a prior decision of the Joint Committee  
in accordance with Article 22(2) (of this Agreement.  
(a) for an air carrier of Israel:  
— the air carrier does not have its principal place of  
business in Israel, or has not received its operating  
licence in accordance with the applicable law of Israel;  
or  
This decision shall specify the conditions associated with the  
operation of the agreed services under this Agreement and with  
the services between third countries and the Contracting Parties.  
The provisions of Article 22(9) of this Agreement shall not  
apply to this type of decisions.  
— effective regulatory control of the air carrier is not  
exercised or maintained by Israel; or  
Article 6  
— the air carrier is not owned, directly or by majority  
participation, or effectively controlled by Israel and/or  
nationals of Israel;  
Compliance with Laws and Regulations  
1.  
While entering, within, or leaving the territory of one  
Contracting Party, the laws and regulations applicable within  
that territory relating to the admission to or departure from  
its territory of aircraft engaged in international air transport,  
or to the operation and navigation of aircraft engaged in inter­  
national air transport shall be complied with by the other  
Contracting Party's air carriers.  
(b) for an air carrier of the European Union:  
— the air carrier does not have its principal place of  
business in the territory of a European Union Member  
State under the EU Treaties, or has not received its  
operating licence in accordance with European Union  
law; or  
2.  
While entering, within, or leaving the territory of one  
— effective regulatory control of the air carrier is not  
exercised or maintained by the European Union  
Member State responsible for issuing its Air Operator  
Certificate or the competent authority is not clearly  
identified; or  
Contracting Party, the laws and regulations applicable within  
that territory relating to the admission to or departure from  
its territory of passengers, crew, or cargo on aircraft (including  
regulations relating to entry, clearance, immigration, passports,  
customs and quarantine or, in the case of mail, postal regu­  
lations) shall be complied with by, or on behalf of, such  
passengers, crew or cargo of the other Contracting Party's air  
carriers.  
— the air carrier is not owned, directly or by majority  
participation, or effectively controlled by European  
Union Member States and/or nationals of European  
Union Member States, or by other States listed in  
Annex III and/or nationals of these other States;  
Article 7  
Competitive Environment  
(c) the air carrier has failed to comply with the laws and regu­  
1.  
The Contracting Parties reaffirm the application of the  
lations referred to in Article 6 of this Agreement;  
provisions of Chapter 3 ("Competition") of Title IV of the  
Association Agreement to this Agreement.  
(d) the provisions set forth in Article 13 and Article 14 are not  
being maintained or administered; or  
2.  
The Contracting Parties acknowledge that it is their joint  
objective to have a fair and competitive environment for the  
operation of air services. The Contracting Parties recognise that  
fair competitive practices by air carriers are most likely to occur  
where these air carriers operate on a fully commercial basis and  
are not subsidised, and where neutral and non-discriminatory  
access to airport facilities, services, and slot allocation is  
ensured.  
(e) a Contracting Party has made the determination in  
accordance with Article  
7 that the conditions for a  
competitive environment are not being fulfilled.  
2.  
Unless immediate action is essential to prevent further  
non-compliance with points (c) or (d) of paragraph 1, the  
rights established by this Article shall be exercised only after  
consultation with the competent authorities of the other  
Contracting Party.  
3.  
If one Contracting Party finds that conditions exist in the  
territory of the other Contracting Party, in particular due to  
subsidy, which would adversely affect the fair and equal oppor­  
tunity of its air carriers to compete, it may submit observations  
to the other Contracting Party. Furthermore, it may request a  
meeting of the Joint Committee, as provided for in Article 22 of  
this Agreement. Consultations shall start within 30 days of  
Article 5  
Investment  
1.  
Notwithstanding Article 3 and Article 4 of this  
Agreement, and upon verification by the Joint Committee in  
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receipt of such  
a
request. Failure to reach  
a
satisfactory  
to bring in and maintain in the territory of the other  
Contracting Party managerial, sales, technical, operational, and  
other specialist staff who are required to support the provision  
of air transport.  
agreement within 30 days from the start of consultations  
shall constitute grounds for the Contracting Party that  
requested the consultations to take action to refuse, withhold,  
revoke, suspend or impose appropriate conditions on the auth­  
orisations of the air carrier(s) concerned, consistent with  
Article 4.  
Ground handling  
3.  
(a) Without prejudice to point (b) below, each air carrier  
shall have in relation to groundhandling in the  
territory of the other Contracting Party:  
4.  
The actions referred to in paragraph 3 shall be appro­  
priate, proportionate and restricted with regard to scope and  
duration to what is strictly necessary. They shall be exclusively  
directed towards the air carrier(s) benefiting from the conditions  
referred to in paragraph 3, and shall be without prejudice to the  
right of either Contracting Party to take action under Article 23.  
(i) the right to perform its own groundhandling  
("self-handling") or, at its option  
(ii) the right to select among competing suppliers that  
provide groundhandling services in whole or in  
part where such suppliers are allowed market  
access on the basis of the laws and regulations  
of each Contracting Party, and where such  
suppliers are present in the market.  
5.  
Israeli Government to help cover additional security expenses  
incurred by the Israeli air carriers as result of Israeli  
Government instructions, is not an unfair competitive practice  
and is not considered as a subsidy for the purpose of this article  
provided that:  
The Contracting Parties agree that the participation of the  
a
(a) such support covers exclusively costs necessarily incurred by  
the air carriers of Israel when implementing extra security  
measures required by the Israeli authorities which are not  
imposed on, or incurred by, air carriers of the European  
Union; and  
(b) For the following categories of groundhandling  
services i.e. baggage handling, ramp handling, fuel  
and oil handling, freight and mail handling as  
regards the physical handling of freight and mail  
between the air terminal and the aircraft, the rights  
under point (a)(i) and (ii) shall be subject only to  
physical or operational constraints according to the  
laws and regulations applicable in the territory of  
the other Contracting Party. Where such constraints  
preclude self-handling and where there is no effective  
competition between suppliers that provide ground­  
handling services, all such services shall be available  
on both an equal and non-discriminatory basis to all  
air carriers; prices of such services shall not exceed  
(b) such security costs are clearly identified and quantified by  
Israel; and  
(c) the Joint Committee receives, once  
a year, a report  
describing the total sum of the security expenses and the  
rate of participation of the Israeli government in the  
previous year.  
their full cost including  
assets, after depreciation.  
a reasonable return on  
6.  
Each Contracting Party, upon notification to the other  
Contracting Party, may approach responsible government  
entities in the territory of the other Contracting Party  
including entities at the state, provincial or local level to  
discuss matters relating to this Article.  
Sales, local expenses and transfer of funds  
4. Any air carrier of each Contracting Party may engage in  
the sale of air transport in the territory of the other Contracting  
Party directly and/or, at the air carrier's discretion, through its  
sales agents, other intermediaries appointed by the air carrier or  
through the internet or any other available channel. Each air  
carrier shall have the right to sell such transportation, and any  
person shall be free to purchase such transportation, in the  
currency of that territory or in freely convertible currencies.  
7.  
The provisions of this Article shall apply without prejudice  
to the Contracting Parties' laws and regulations regarding public  
service obligations in the territories of the Contracting Parties.  
Article 8  
Commercial Opportunities  
Air carrier representatives  
5.  
Each air carrier shall have the right to convert and remit at  
any time, in any way, freely without restrictions or taxation, in  
any freely convertible currency and at the official rate of  
exchange applicable, from the territory of the other Contracting  
Party to its home territory and, except where inconsistent with  
generally applicable law or regulation, to the country or  
countries of its choice, on demand, local revenues.  
1.  
The air carriers of each Contracting Party shall have the  
right to establish offices and facilities in the territory of the  
other Contracting Party required for the provision of air  
transport and for the promotion and sale of air transport,  
including ancillary or supplemental services.  
2.  
The air carriers of each Contracting Party shall be entitled,  
6.  
The air carriers of each Contracting Party shall be  
in accordance with the laws and regulations of the other  
Contracting Party relating to entry, residence and employment,  
permitted to pay for local expenses, including purchases of  
fuel, in the territory of the other Contracting Party in local  
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currency. At their discretion, the air carriers of each Contracting  
Party may pay for such expenses in the territory of the other  
Contracting Party in freely convertible currencies according to  
local currency regulation.  
through arrangements with other surface carriers,  
including surface transport operated by other air  
carriers and indirect providers of cargo air transport.  
Such intermodal cargo services may be offered at a  
single, through price for the air and surface  
transport combined, provided that shippers are not  
misled as to the facts concerning such transport.  
Cooperative arrangements  
7.  
In operating or holding out services under this Agreement,  
any air carrier of a Contracting Party may enter into cooperative  
marketing arrangements, such as blocked-space agreements or  
code-sharing arrangements, with:  
Leasing  
9.  
(a) The air carriers of each Contracting Party shall be  
entitled to provide the agreed services using aircraft  
leased with or without crew from any air carrier,  
including from third countries, provided that all  
participants in such arrangements meet the conditions  
prescribed under the laws and regulations normally  
applied by the Contracting Parties to such arrange­  
ments.  
(a) any air carrier or carriers of the Contracting Parties; and  
(b) any air carrier or carriers of a third country; and  
(c) any surface, land or maritime carriers;  
(b) Neither Contracting Party shall require the air carriers  
leasing out their equipment to hold traffic rights under  
this Agreement.  
provided that (i) the operating carrier holds the appropriate  
traffic rights and (ii) the marketing carriers hold the appropriate  
route rights within the relevant bilateral provisions and (iii) the  
arrangements meet the requirements relating to safety and  
competition normally applied to such arrangements. In  
respect of passenger transport sold involving code-shares, the  
purchaser shall be informed at the point of sale, or in any case  
at check-in, or on boarding where no check-in is required for a  
connecting flight, which transportation providers will operate  
each sector of the service.  
(c) The leasing with crew (wet-leasing) of an aircraft of an  
air carrier of  
a third country, other that those  
mentioned in Annex III, by an Israeli air carrier or  
by an air carrier of the European Union, in order to  
exploit the rights envisaged in this Agreement, shall  
remain exceptional or meet temporary needs. It shall  
be submitted to (i) the licensing authority of the  
leasing air carrier for prior approval and (ii) the  
competent authority of the other Contracting Party  
to where it is intended to operate the wet-leased  
aircraft for information.  
Surface transport  
8.  
(a) In relation to the transport of passengers, surface  
transport providers shall not be subject to laws and  
regulations governing air transport on the sole basis  
that such surface transport is held out by an air carrier  
under its own name. Surface transport providers have  
the discretion to decide whether to enter into  
cooperative arrangements. In deciding on any  
particular arrangement, surface transport providers  
may consider, among other things, consumer  
interests and technical, economic, space, and capacity  
constraints.  
For the purposes of this subparagraph, the term "air­  
craft" means an aircraft of an air carrier of a third  
country, which is not prohibited to operate in the  
European Union and/or Israel.  
Franchising and Branding  
10.  
The air carriers of each Contracting Party shall be  
entitled to enter into franchising or branding arrangements  
with companies, including air carriers, of either Contracting  
Party or third countries, provided that the air carriers hold  
the appropriate authority and meet the conditions prescribed  
under the laws and regulations applied by the Contracting  
Parties to such arrangements, particularly those requiring the  
disclosure of the identity of the air carriers operating the service.  
(b) Moreover, and notwithstanding any other provision of  
this Agreement, air carriers and indirect providers of  
cargo transport of the Contracting Parties shall be  
permitted, without restriction, to employ in  
connection with international air transport any  
surface transport for cargo to or from any points in  
Israel and the European Union, or in third countries,  
including transport to and from all airports with  
customs facilities, and including, where applicable,  
the right to transport cargo in bond under applicable  
laws and regulations. Such cargo, whether moving by  
surface or by air, shall have access to airport customs  
processing and facilities. Air carriers may elect to  
perform their own surface transport or to provide it  
Airport slot allocation  
11.  
Each Contracting Party shall ensure that its procedures,  
guidelines and regulations to manage slots applicable at airports  
in its territory are applied in a transparent, effective and non-  
discriminatory manner.  
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Consultations in the Joint Committee  
12. If a Contracting Party believes that the other Contracting  
(e) safety and security equipment for use at airports or cargo  
terminals.  
Party is in violation of this Article, it may notify the other  
Contracting Party of its findings and request consultations  
under paragraph 4 of Article 22.  
3.  
Nothing in this Agreement shall prevent a Contracting  
Party from imposing taxes, levies, duties, fees, or charges on  
fuel supplied in its territory, on a non-discriminatory basis, for  
use in an aircraft of an air carrier that operates between two  
points in its territory. While entering, within, or leaving the  
territory of one Contracting Party, its laws and regulations  
relating to the sale, supply, and use of aircraft fuel shall be  
complied with by the other Contracting Party's air carriers.  
Article 9  
Customs Duties and Charges  
1.  
On arriving in the territory of one Contracting Party,  
aircraft operated in international air transport by the air  
carriers of the other Contracting Party, their regular equipment,  
fuel, lubricants, consumable technical supplies, ground  
equipment, spare parts (including engines), aircraft stores  
(including but not limited to such items as food, beverages  
and liquor, tobacco and other products destined for sale to or  
use by passengers in limited quantities during flight), and other  
items intended for or used solely in connection with the  
operation or servicing of aircraft engaged in international air  
transport shall be exempt, on the basis of reciprocity, from all  
import restrictions, property taxes and capital levies, customs  
duties, excise taxes, and similar fees and charges that are (a)  
imposed by the national or local authorities or the European  
Union, and (b) not based on the cost of services provided,  
provided that such equipment and supplies remain on board  
the aircraft.  
4.  
The regular airborne, as well as the material, supplies and  
spare parts referred to in paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article  
normally retained on board aircraft operated by an air carrier of  
one Contracting party may be unloaded in the territory of the  
other Contracting Party only with the approval of the customs  
authorities of that Contracting Party and may be required to be  
kept under the supervision or control of the said authorities up  
to such time as they are re-exported or otherwise disposed in  
accordance with customs regulation.  
5.  
The exemptions provided by this Article shall also be  
available where the air carriers of one Contracting Party have  
contracted with another air carrier, which similarly enjoys such  
exemptions from the other Contracting Party, for the loan or  
transfer in the territory of the other Party of the items specified  
in paragraphs 1 and 2.  
2.  
There shall also be exempt, on the basis of reciprocity,  
from the taxes, levies, duties, fees and charges referred to in  
paragraph 1 of this Article, with the exception of charges based  
on the cost of the service provided:  
6.  
Nothing in this Agreement shall prevent either Party from  
imposing taxes, levies, duties, fees or charges on goods sold  
other than for consumption on board to passengers during a  
sector of an air service between two points within its territory at  
which embarkation or disembarkation is permitted.  
(a) aircraft stores introduced into or supplied in the territory of  
a Contracting Party and taken on board, within reasonable  
limits, for use on outbound aircraft of an air carrier of the  
other Contracting Party engaged in international air  
transport, even when these stores are to be used on a  
part of the journey performed over the said territory;  
7.  
The stipulations of the present Agreement shall not affect  
the field of VAT, with the exception of such tax on imports.  
The provisions of the respective conventions in force between a  
European Union Member State and Israel for the avoidance of  
double taxation on income and on capital remain unaffected by  
this Agreement.  
(b) ground equipment and spare parts (including engines)  
introduced into the territory of a Contracting Party for  
the servicing, maintenance, or repair of aircraft of an air  
carrier of the other Contracting Party used in international  
air transport;  
Article 10  
User Charges for Airports and Aviation Facilities and  
Services  
(c) fuel, lubricants and consumable technical supplies  
introduced into or supplied in the territory of a Contracting  
Party for use in an aircraft of an air carrier of the other  
Contracting Party engaged in international air transport,  
even when these supplies are to be used on a part of the  
journey performed over the said territory;  
1.  
Each Contracting Party shall ensure that user charges that  
may be imposed by its competent charging authorities or bodies  
on the air carriers of the other Contracting Party for the use of  
air navigation and air traffic control services shall be cost-related  
and non-discriminatory. In any event, any such user charges  
shall be assessed on the air carriers of the other Contracting  
Party on terms not less favourable than the most favourable  
terms available to any other air carrier.  
(d) printed matter, as provided for by the customs legislation of  
each Contracting Party, introduced into or supplied in the  
territory of one Contracting Party and taken on board for  
use on outbound aircraft of an air carrier of the other  
Contracting Party engaged in international air transport,  
even when these stores are to be used on a part of the  
journey performed over the said territory; and  
2.  
Each Contracting Party shall ensure that user charges that  
may be imposed by its competent charging authorities or bodies  
on the air carriers of the other Contracting Party for the use of  
airport, aviation security and related facilities and services shall  
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be not unjustly discriminatory, and equitably apportioned  
among categories of users. These charges may reflect, but  
shall not exceed, the full cost to the competent charging auth­  
orities or bodies of providing the appropriate airport and  
aviation security facilities and services at that airport or  
within that airport’s system. These charges may include a  
reasonable return on assets, after depreciation. Facilities and  
services for which user charges are made shall be provided on  
an efficient and economic basis. In any event, these charges  
shall be assessed on the air carriers of the other Party on  
terms not less favourable than the most favourable terms  
available to any other air carrier at the time the charges are  
assessed.  
2.  
The Contracting Parties shall cooperate in the framework  
of the Joint Committee under Article 22 to facilitate the  
exchange of statistical information between them for the  
purpose of monitoring the development of air services under  
this Agreement.  
TITLE II  
REGULATORY COOPERATION  
Article 13  
Aviation Safety  
1.  
Without prejudice to the discretion of the legislative auth­  
3.  
Each Contracting Party shall encourage consultations  
orities of the Contracting Parties, the Contracting Parties shall  
closely cooperate in the area of aviation safety with the  
objective of establishing, to the practical extent possible,  
harmonised rules or mutual recognition of each other's safety  
standards. The Joint Committee, with the assistance of the  
European Aviation Safety Agency, shall oversee this process of  
cooperation.  
between the competent charging authorities or bodies in its  
territory and the air carriers or their representative bodies  
using the services and facilities, and shall encourage the  
competent charging authorities or bodies to provide each  
airport user, or the representatives or associations of airport  
users, with information on the components serving as a basis  
for determining the system or the level of all charges levied at  
each airport by the airport managing bodies as such  
information may be necessary to permit an accurate review of  
the reasonableness of the charges in accordance with the prin­  
ciples of paragraphs 1 and 2 of this Article. Each Contracting  
Party shall encourage the competent charging authorities to  
provide users with reasonable notice of any proposal for  
changes in user charges to enable those authorities to  
consider the views expressed by the users before changes are  
made.  
2.  
The Contracting Parties shall ensure that their relevant  
legislation, rules or procedures deliver, at minimum, the level  
of regulatory requirements and standards relating to air  
transport specified in Part A of Annex IV, as detailed in  
Annex VI.  
3.  
The competent authorities of the Contracting Parties shall  
recognise as valid, for the purposes of operating the air  
transport provided for in this Agreement, certificates of  
airworthiness, certificates of competency, and licenses issued  
or validated by each other and still in force, provided that the  
requirements for such certificates or licenses at least equal the  
minimum standards that may be established pursuant to the  
Convention. The competent authorities may, however, refuse  
to recognise as valid for purposes of flight above their own  
territory, certificates of competency and licenses granted to or  
validated for their own nationals by such other authorities.  
4.  
Neither Contracting Party shall be held, in dispute  
resolution procedures pursuant to Article 23, to be in breach  
of a provision of this Article, unless (a) it fails to undertake a  
review of the charge or practice that is the subject of complaint  
by the other Contracting Party within a reasonable amount of  
time; or (b) following such a review it fails to take all steps  
within its power to remedy any charge or practice that is incon­  
sistent with this Article.  
Article 11  
Pricing  
4.  
Each Contracting Party may request consultations at any  
time concerning the safety standards maintained by the other  
Contracting Party in areas relating to aeronautical facilities,  
flight crew, aircraft and the operation of aircraft. Such consul­  
tations shall take place within thirty (30) days of that request.  
1.  
The Contracting Parties shall permit prices to be freely  
established by the air carriers on the basis of free and fair  
competition.  
2.  
3.  
The Contracting Parties shall not require prices to be filed.  
Discussions between the competent authorities may be  
5.  
If, following such consultations, one Contracting Party  
finds that the other Contracting Party does not effectively  
maintain and administer safety standards in the areas referred  
to in paragraph 4 that meet the standards established at that  
time pursuant to the Convention, the other Contracting Party  
shall be informed of such findings and of the steps considered  
necessary to conform with the ICAO standards. The other  
Contracting Party shall then take appropriate corrective action  
within an agreed time period.  
held to discuss matters such as, but not limited to, prices  
which may be unjust, unreasonable or discriminatory.  
Article 12  
Statistics  
1.  
Each Contracting Party shall provide the other Contracting  
Party with statistics that are required by domestic laws and  
regulations, and, upon request, other available statistical  
information as may be reasonably required for the purpose of  
reviewing the operation of air services under this Agreement.  
6.  
The Contracting Parties shall ensure that aircraft registered  
in one Contracting Party suspected of non-compliance with  
international aviation safety standards established pursuant to  
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the Convention landing at airports open to international air  
traffic in the territory of the other Contracting Party shall be  
subject to ramp inspections by the competent authorities of that  
other Contracting Party, on board and around the aircraft to  
check both the validity of the aircraft documents and those of  
its crew and the apparent condition of the aircraft and its  
equipment.  
2.  
The Contracting Parties shall provide upon request all  
necessary assistance to each other to prevent acts of unlawful  
seizure of civil aircraft and other unlawful acts against the safety  
of such aircraft, their passengers and crew, airports and air  
navigation facilities, and any other threat to the security of  
civil aviation.  
3.  
The Contracting Parties shall, in their mutual relations, act  
7.  
The competent authorities of either Contracting Party may  
in conformity with the aviation security Standards and, so far as  
they are applied by them, the Recommended Practices estab­  
lished by the ICAO and designated as Annexes to the  
Convention, to the extent that such security provisions are  
applicable to the Contracting Parties. The Contracting Parties  
shall require that operators of aircraft of their registry,  
operators who have their principal place of business or  
permanent residence in their territory, and the operators of  
airports in their territory, act, at least, in conformity with  
such aviation security provisions.  
take all appropriate and immediate measures whenever they  
ascertain that an aircraft, any component of an aircraft or an  
operation may:  
(a) fail to satisfy the minimum standards established pursuant  
to the Convention, or  
(b) give rise to serious concerns – established through an  
inspection referred to in paragraph 6, pursuant to Article 16  
of the Convention – that an aircraft or the operation of an  
aircraft does not comply with the minimum standards  
established pursuant to the Convention, or  
4.  
Each Contracting Party shall ensure that effective measures  
are taken within its territory to protect aircraft, to screen  
passengers and their carry-on items, and to carry out appro­  
priate checks on crew, cargo (including hold baggage) and  
aircraft stores prior to and during boarding or loading and  
that those measures are adjusted to meet increases in the  
threat. Each Contracting Party agrees that their air carriers  
may be required to respect the aviation security provisions  
referred to in paragraph 3 required by the other Contracting  
Party, for entrance into, departure from, or while within, the  
territory of that other Contracting Party. When a Contracting  
Party is informed of a specific threat for a specific flight or  
specific series of flights to or from the territory of the other  
Contracting Party, it shall inform the other Contracting Party,  
and special security measures may be decided by the first  
Contracting Party to take into account the specific threat, in  
accordance with paragraph 6.  
(c) give rise to serious concerns that there is a lack of effective  
maintenance and administration of minimum standards  
established pursuant to the Convention.  
8.  
Where the competent authorities of one Contracting Party  
take action under paragraph 7, they shall promptly inform the  
competent authorities of the other Contracting Party of taking  
such action, providing reasons for its action.  
9.  
When urgent action is essential to ensure the safety of an  
air carrier operation, each Contracting Party reserves the right to  
immediately suspend or vary the operating authorisation of an  
air carrier or air carriers of the other Contracting Party.  
5.  
The Contracting Parties agree to work towards achieving  
mutual recognition of each other's security standards. To this  
end, they shall establish administrative arrangements allowing  
for consultations on existing or planned aviation security  
measures and for cooperation and sharing of information on  
quality control measures implemented by the Contracting  
Parties. A Contracting Party may also request the cooperation  
of the other Contracting Party to assess whether particular  
security measures of that other Contracting Party meet the  
requirements of the requesting Contracting Party. Taking into  
account the results of the assessments, the requesting  
Contracting Party may decide that security measures of an  
equivalent standard are applied in the territory of the other  
Contracting Party in order that transfer passengers, transfer  
baggage, and/or transfer cargo may be exempted from re-  
screening in the territory of the requesting Contracting Party.  
Such a decision shall be communicated to the other Contracting  
Party.  
10.  
Where measures taken in application of paragraphs 7 or  
9 are not discontinued even though the basis for taking them  
has ceased to exist, either Contracting Party may refer the  
matter to the Joint Committee.  
Article 14  
Aviation Security  
1.  
The Contracting Parties reaffirm their obligations to each  
other to provide for the security of civil aviation against acts of  
unlawful interference, and in particular their obligations under  
the Convention, the Convention on Offences and Certain Other  
Acts Committed on Board Aircraft, signed at Tokyo on  
14 September 1963, the Convention for the Suppression of  
Unlawful Seizure of Aircraft, signed at The Hague on  
16 December 1970, the Convention for the Suppression of  
Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Civil Aviation, signed at  
Montreal on 23 September 1971, the Protocol for the  
Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence at Airports Serving  
International Civil Aviation, signed at Montreal on 24 February  
1988, insofar as the Contracting Parties are parties to these  
conventions, as well as all other conventions and protocols  
relating to civil aviation security of which Contracting Parties  
are parties.  
6.  
Each Contracting Party shall also act favourably upon any  
request from the other Contracting Party for reasonable special  
security measures to meet a particular threat. Except in case of  
emergency, each Contracting Party will inform the other  
Contracting Party in advance of any special security measures  
it intends to introduce which could have a significant financial  
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or operational impact on the air transport services provided  
under this Agreement. Either Contracting Party may request a  
meeting of the Joint Committee to discuss such security  
measures, as provided for in Article 22 of this Agreement.  
overall efficiency for general air traffic, to optimise capacities  
and to minimise delays. To this purpose, Israel shall be involved  
in the Single European Sky Committee as observer. The Joint  
Committee shall monitor this process of cooperation.  
7.  
When an incident or threat of an incident of unlawful  
2.  
With a view to facilitating the application of the Single  
seizure of civil aircraft or other unlawful acts against the  
safety of such aircraft, their passengers and crew, airports or  
air navigation facilities occurs, the Contracting Parties shall  
assist each other by facilitating communications and other  
appropriate measures intended to terminate rapidly and safely  
such incident or threat thereof.  
European Sky legislation in their territories:  
(a) Israel shall take the necessary measures to adjust its air  
traffic management institutional structures to the Single  
European Sky, in particular by establishing a pertinent  
national supervisory body at least functionally independent  
of the air navigation service provider(s); and  
8.  
Each Contracting Party shall take all measures it finds  
practicable to ensure that an aircraft subjected to an act of  
unlawful seizure or other acts of unlawful interference which  
is on the ground in its territory is detained on the ground  
unless its departure is necessitated by the overriding duty to  
protect human life. Wherever practicable, such measures shall  
be taken on the basis of mutual consultations.  
(b) The European Union shall associate Israel with relevant  
operational initiatives in the fields of air navigation  
services, airspace and interoperability that stem from the  
Single European Sky, in particular through appropriate  
coordination on SESAR.  
3.  
(a) The Contracting Parties shall ensure that their relevant  
legislation, rules or procedures deliver, at minimum,  
the regulatory requirements and standards relating to  
air transport specified in Section A of Part B of Annex  
IV as detailed in Annex VI.  
9.  
When a Contracting Party has reasonable grounds to  
believe that the other Contracting Party has departed from the  
aviation security provisions of this Article, that Contracting  
Party may request immediate consultations with the other  
Contracting Party.  
(b) The Contracting Parties shall endeavour to act in  
accordance with European Union regulatory  
requirements and standards relating to air transport  
specified in Section B of Part B of Annex IV as  
detailed in Annex VI.  
10.  
Without prejudice to Article 4, failure to reach a satis­  
factory agreement within fifteen (15) days from the date of such  
request shall constitute grounds to withhold, revoke, limit or  
impose conditions on the operating authorisation of one or  
more air carriers of such other Contracting Party.  
Article 16  
11.  
When required by an immediate and extraordinary  
threat, a Contracting Party may take interim action prior to  
the expiry of fifteen (15) days.  
Environment  
1.  
The Contracting Parties recognise the importance of  
protecting the environment when developing and implementing  
international aviation policy.  
12.  
Without prejudice to the need to take immediate action  
in order to protect transport security, the Contracting Parties  
affirm that when considering security measures, each  
Contracting Party shall evaluate possible adverse economic  
and operational effects on the operation of air services under  
this Agreement and, unless constrained by law, shall take such  
factors into account when it determines what measures are  
necessary and appropriate to address those security concerns.  
2.  
The Contracting Parties acknowledge that effective global,  
regional, national and/or local action is needed to minimise the  
impact of civil aviation on the environment.  
3.  
The Contracting Parties recognise the importance of  
working together, and within the framework of multilateral  
discussions, to consider and minimise the effects of aviation  
on the environment and the economy, and to ensure that any  
mitigating measures are fully consistent with the objectives of  
this Agreement.  
13.  
Any action taken in accordance with the paragraphs 10  
or 11 shall be discontinued upon compliance by the other  
Contracting Party with the provisions of this Article.  
14.  
Notwithstanding this Article, The Contracting Parties  
agree that no party will be obliged to reveal information,  
which may harm the national security of each of the  
Contracting Parties.  
4.  
Nothing in this Agreement shall be construed to limit the  
authority of the competent authorities of a Contracting Party to  
take all appropriate measures to prevent or otherwise address  
the environmental impacts of air transport provided that such  
measures are applied without distinction as to nationality.  
Article 15  
Air Traffic Management  
5.  
The Contracting Parties shall ensure that their relevant  
1.  
The Contracting Parties agree to cooperate closely in the  
legislation, rules or procedures deliver, at minimum, the regu­  
latory requirements and standards relating to air transport  
specified in Part C of Annex IV as detailed in Annex VI.  
field of air traffic management with a view to extending the  
Single European Sky to Israel in order to enhance safety and  
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Article 17  
Air Carrier Liability  
The Contracting Parties reaffirm their obligations under  
3.  
Each Contracting Party shall give the other Contracting  
Party all necessary information and assistance subject to the  
applicable law of the respective Contracting Party, in the case  
of investigations on possible infringements which that other  
Contracting Party carries out under its respective competences  
as provided in this Agreement.  
1.  
the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules for Inter­  
national Carriage by Air, done at Montreal on 28 May 1999  
(the Montreal Convention).  
4.  
Whenever the Contracting Parties act under the powers  
granted to them by this Agreement on matters which are of  
interest to the other Contracting Party and which concern the  
authorities or undertakings of the other Contracting Party, the  
competent authorities of the other Contracting Party shall be  
fully informed and given the opportunity to comment before a  
final decision is taken.  
2.  
The Contracting Parties shall ensure that their relevant  
legislation, rules or procedures deliver, at minimum, the regu­  
latory requirements and standards relating to air transport  
specified in Part D of Annex IV as detailed in Annex VI.  
Article 18  
Article 22  
Consumer Rights and Protection of Personal Data  
The Joint Committee  
The Contracting Parties shall ensure that their relevant legis­  
lation, rules or procedures deliver, at minimum, the regulatory  
requirements and standards relating to air transport specified in  
Part E of Annex IV as detailed in Annex VI.  
1.  
A committee composed of representatives of the  
Contracting Parties (hereinafter referred to as the Joint  
Committee) is hereby established, which shall be responsible  
for the administration of this Agreement and shall ensure its  
proper implementation. For this purpose it shall make recom­  
mendations and take decisions in the cases provided for in this  
Agreement.  
Article 19  
Computer Reservation Systems  
The Contracting Parties shall apply their laws and regulations,  
including competition rules, to operations of computer reser­  
vation systems on a fair and non-discriminatory basis. The  
computer reservation systems, air carriers and travel agencies  
of one Contracting Party shall enjoy treatment equivalent to  
that given to the computer reservation systems, air carriers  
and travel agencies operating in the territory of the other  
Contracting Party.  
2.  
The decisions of the Joint Committee shall be adopted by  
consensus and shall be binding upon the Contracting Parties.  
They will be put into effect by the Contracting Parties in  
accordance with their own rules.  
3.  
The Joint Committee shall adopt its Rules of Procedure.  
4.  
The Joint Committee shall meet as and when necessary,  
and at least once a year. Either Contracting Party may request  
the convening of a meeting.  
Article 20  
Social aspects  
5.  
A Contracting Party may also request a meeting of the  
The Contracting Parties shall ensure that their relevant legis­  
lation, rules or procedures deliver, at minimum, the regulatory  
requirements and standards relating to air transport specified in  
Part F of Annex IV as detailed in Annex VI.  
Joint Committee to seek to resolve any question relating to the  
interpretation or application of this Agreement. Such a meeting  
shall begin at the earliest possible date, but not later than two  
months from the date of receipt of the request, unless otherwise  
agreed by the Contracting Parties.  
TITLE III  
6.  
For the purpose of the proper implementation of this  
INSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS  
Article 21  
Agreement, the Contracting Parties shall exchange information  
and, at the request of either Contracting Party, shall hold  
consultations within the Joint Committee.  
Interpretation and Enforcement  
1.  
The Contracting Parties shall take all appropriate  
7.  
If, in the view of one of the Contracting Parties, a decision  
measures, whether general or particular, to ensure fulfilment  
of the obligations arising out of this Agreement and shall  
refrain from any measures which would jeopardise attainment  
of the objectives of this Agreement.  
of the Joint Committee is not properly implemented by the  
other Contracting Party, the former may request that the issue  
be discussed by the Joint Committee. If the Joint Committee  
cannot solve the issue within two months of its referral, the  
requesting Contracting Party may take appropriate safeguard  
measures under Article 24.  
2.  
Each Contracting Party shall be responsible, in its own  
territory, for the proper enforcement of this Agreement and,  
in particular, the regulatory requirements and standards  
relating to air transport specified in Annex IV as detailed in  
Annex VI.  
8.  
The decisions of the Joint Committee shall state the date  
of its implementation in the Contracting Parties and any other  
information likely to concern economic operators.  
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9.  
Without prejudice to paragraph 2, if the Joint Committee  
the request of either Contracting Party, be submitted to an  
arbitration tribunal of three arbitrators in accordance with the  
procedure laid down hereafter:  
does not take a decision on an issue which has been referred to  
it within six months of the date of referral, the Contracting  
Parties may take appropriate temporary safeguard measures  
under Article 24.  
(a) each Contracting Party shall appoint an arbitrator within  
sixty (60) days from the date of reception of the notification  
for the request for arbitration by the arbitration tribunal  
addressed by the other Contracting Party through  
diplomatic channels; the third arbitrator should be  
appointed by the Contracting Parties within sixty (60)  
additional days. If one of the Contracting Parties has not  
appointed an arbitrator within the agreed period, or if the  
third arbitrator is not appointed within the agreed period,  
each Contracting Party may request the President of the  
Council of the ICAO to appoint an arbitrator or arbitrators,  
whichever is applicable;  
10.  
The Joint Committee shall examine questions relating to  
bilateral investments of majority participation, or changes in the  
effective control of air carriers of the Contracting Parties.  
11.  
The Joint Committee shall also develop cooperation by:  
(a) carrying out its specific tasks in relation to the process of  
regulatory cooperation, as set out in Title II of this  
Agreement;  
(b) fostering expert-level exchanges on new legislative or regu­  
latory initiatives and developments, including in the fields of  
security, safety, the environment, aviation infrastructure  
(including slots), competitive environment and consumer  
protection;  
(b) the third arbitrator appointed under the terms of paragraph  
a) above should be a national of a third State having  
diplomatic relations with each of the Contracting Parties  
at the time of appointment, and shall act as a President  
of the arbitration tribunal;  
(c) regularly examining the social effects of the Agreement as it  
is implemented, notably in the area of employment, and  
developing appropriate responses to concerns found to be  
legitimate;  
(c) the arbitration tribunal shall agree on its rules of procedure;  
and  
(d) subject to the final decision of the arbitration tribunal, the  
expenses of the arbitration shall be shared equally by the  
Contracting Parties.  
(d) agreeing, on the basis of consensus, on proposals,  
approaches or documents of a procedural nature directly  
related to the functioning of this Agreement;  
5.  
At the request of a Contracting Party the arbitration  
(e) considering potential areas for the further development of  
this Agreement, including the recommendation of  
amendments to this Agreement; and  
tribunal may order the other Contracting Party to implement  
interim relief measures pending the arbitration tribunal's final  
decision.  
(f) addressing the application of section A.1 of Annex IV (list  
of air carriers subject to an operating ban).  
6.  
The arbitration tribunal shall seek to adopt any  
provisional decision or final decision by consensus. Where  
consensus is not possible, the arbitration tribunal shall adopt  
its decisions by majority voting.  
12.  
The Parties share the goal of maximising the benefits for  
consumers, air carriers, labour, and communities on both sides  
by extending this Agreement to include third countries. To this  
end, the Joint Committee shall work to develop a proposal  
regarding the conditions and procedures, including any  
necessary amendments to this Agreement, which would be  
required for third countries to accede to this Agreement.  
7.  
If one of the Contracting Parties does not act in  
conformity with a decision of the arbitration tribunal taken  
under the terms of this Article within thirty (30) days from  
the notification of the aforementioned decision, the other  
Contracting Party may, for as long as this failure endures,  
limit, suspend or revoke the rights or privileges which it had  
granted under the terms of this Agreement to the Contracting  
Party at fault.  
Article 23  
Dispute Resolution and Arbitration  
Article 24  
1.  
Either Contracting Party may refer through diplomatic  
channels, to the Association Council established under the  
Association Agreement, any dispute relating to the application  
or interpretation of this Agreement, having not been resolved in  
accordance with Article 22. For the purposes of this Article, the  
Association Council established under the Association  
Agreement shall act as Joint Committee.  
Safeguard Measures  
1.  
The Contracting Parties shall take any general or specific  
measures required to fulfil their obligations under this  
Agreement. They shall see to it that the objectives set out in  
this Agreement are attained.  
2.  
The Association Council may settle the dispute by means  
2.  
If either Contracting Party considers that the other  
of a decision.  
Contracting Party has failed to fulfil an obligation under this  
Agreement, it may take appropriate measures. Safeguard  
measures shall be restricted with regard to their scope and  
duration to what is strictly necessary in order to remedy the  
situation or maintain the balance of this Agreement. Priority  
shall be given to such measures which will least disturb the  
functioning of this Agreement.  
3.  
The Contracting Parties shall take the necessary measures  
to implement the decision referred to in paragraph 2.  
4.  
Should the Contracting Parties be unable to settle the  
dispute in accordance with paragraph 2, the dispute shall, at  
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3.  
A Contracting Party which is considering taking safeguard  
3.  
This Agreement shall be without prejudice to any decision  
measures shall notify the other Contracting Party through the  
Joint Committee and shall provide all relevant information.  
by the two Contracting Parties to implement future recommen­  
dations that may be made by the ICAO. The Contracting Parties  
shall not cite this Agreement, or any part of it, as the basis for  
opposing consideration in the ICAO of alternative policies on  
any matter covered by this Agreement.  
4.  
The Contracting Parties shall immediately enter into  
consultations in the Joint Committee with a view to finding a  
commonly acceptable solution.  
4.  
The Contracting Parties agree that there will be no  
restriction or prevention to conclude, in the future, security  
arrangements between the Government of the State of Israel  
and each Government of the Member States of the European  
Union in security areas that fall outside the scope of the  
exclusive competence of the EU. However, the Contracting  
Parties agree (i) to privilege, when possible and in accordance  
with paragraph 5 of Article 14, the conclusion of Security  
arrangement at the EU level, and (ii) to provide the Joint  
Committee with the relevant information concerning those  
bilateral security arrangements, subject to Article 14,  
paragraph 14.  
5.  
Without prejudice to Articles 3(1)(d) (Authorisation) and  
4(1)(d) (Refusal, Revocation, Suspension or Limitation of Auth­  
orisation) and Articles 13 (Aviation Safety) and 14 (Aviation  
Security), the Contracting Party concerned may not take  
safeguard measures until one month has elapsed after the date  
of notification under paragraph 3, unless the consultation  
procedure under paragraph 4 has been concluded before the  
expiration of the stated time limit.  
6.  
The Contracting Party concerned shall, without delay,  
notify the measures taken to the Joint Committee and shall  
provide all relevant information.  
Article 27  
Amendments  
7.  
Any action taken under the terms of this Article shall be  
suspended, as soon as the Contracting Party at fault satisfies the  
provisions of this Agreement.  
1.  
If one of the Contracting Parties wishes to revise the  
provisions of this Agreement, it shall notify the Joint  
Committee accordingly. The amendment to this Agreement  
shall enter into force in accordance with Article 30.  
Article 25  
Geographic Extension of the Agreement  
2.  
The Joint Committee may, upon the proposal of one  
Contracting Party and in accordance with this Article, decide  
to modify the Annexes of this Agreement.  
The Contracting Parties commit to conduct  
a continuous  
dialogue to ensure the coherence of this Agreement with the  
Barcelona process, and they aim, as their ultimate goal, at a  
Common Euro-Mediterranean Aviation Area. Therefore, the  
possibility of mutually agreeing upon amendments to take  
into account similar Euro-Mediterranean aviation agreements  
shall be discussed within the Joint Committee in accordance  
with Article 22(11).  
3.  
This Agreement shall be without prejudice to the right of  
each Contracting Party, subject to compliance with the principle  
of non-discrimination and the provisions of this Agreement to  
unilaterally adopt new legislation or amend its existing legis­  
lation in the field of air transport mentioned in Annex IV, with  
respect to the principle of non-discrimination and in accordance  
with the provisions of this Agreement.  
Article 26  
Relationship to Other Agreements  
4.  
When new legislation or amendment to its existing legis­  
lation in the field of air transport mentioned in Annex IV is  
being considered by one of the Contracting Parties, it shall  
inform the other Contracting Party as appropriate and  
possible. Providing such information and, at the request of  
one of the Contracting Parties, a preliminary exchange of  
views may take place in the Joint Committee.  
1.  
The provisions of this Agreement supersede the relevant  
provisions of existing bilateral agreements and arrangements  
between Israel and the Member States. However, notwith­  
standing any term of this Agreement, existing traffic rights,  
security arrangements which originate from these bilateral  
agreements or other arrangements which are not covered  
under this Agreement, or which are more favourable, can  
continue to be exercised. As far as air carriers are concerned,  
such rights and arrangements can continue to be exercised by:  
5.  
Each Contracting Party shall regularly and as soon as  
appropriate inform the other Contracting Party of newly  
adopted legislation or amendment to its existing legislation in  
the field of air transport mentioned in Annex IV. Providing such  
information may take place in the Joint Committee. Upon the  
request of any Contracting Party, the Joint Committee shall  
within sixty days hold an exchange of views on the implications  
of such new legislation or amendment for the proper func­  
tioning of this Agreement.  
(a) Air carriers of the European Union, provided that there is  
no discrimination in the execution of these existing rights or  
other arrangements between air carriers of the European  
Union on the basis of nationality.  
(b) Air carriers of the State of Israel.  
6.  
In order to safeguard the proper functioning of this  
Agreement, the Joint Committee shall:  
2.  
If the Contracting Parties become parties to a multilateral  
agreement, or endorse a decision adopted by the ICAO or  
another international organisation, that addresses matters  
covered by this Agreement, they shall consult in the Joint  
Committee to determine whether this Agreement should be  
revised to take into account such developments.  
(a) adopt a decision revising Annexes IV and/or VI of this  
Agreement so as to integrate therein, if necessary on a  
basis of reciprocity, the new legislation or amendment in  
question; or  
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(b) adopt a decision to the effect that the new legislation or  
amendment in question shall be regarded as in accordance  
with this Agreement; or  
Article 30  
Application and Entry into force  
1.  
This Agreement shall be applied provisionally, in  
accordance with the national laws of the Contracting Parties,  
as of the date of its signature by the Contracting Parties.  
(c) decide any other measures, to be adopted within  
a
reasonable period of time, regarding the new legislation or  
amendment in question.  
2.  
This Agreement shall enter into force one month after the  
date of the last note in an exchange of diplomatic notes  
between the Contracting Parties confirming that all necessary  
procedures for entry into force of this Agreement have been  
completed. For purposes of this exchange, Israel shall deliver to  
the General Secretariat of the Council of the European Union its  
diplomatic note to the European Union and its Member States,  
and the General Secretariat of the Council of the European  
Union shall deliver to Israel the diplomatic note from the  
European Union and its Member States. The diplomatic note  
from the European Union and its Member States shall contain  
communications from each Member State confirming that its  
necessary procedures for entry into force of this Agreement  
have been completed.  
Article 28  
Termination  
1.  
2.  
This Agreement is concluded for an unlimited period.  
Either Party may, at any time, give notice in writing  
through diplomatic channels to the other Party of its decision  
to terminate this Agreement. Such notice shall be sent simulta­  
neously to the ICAO. This Agreement shall terminate at  
midnight GMT at the end of the IATA traffic season in effect  
one year following the date of written notification of  
termination, unless the notice is withdrawn by agreement of  
the Contracting Parties before the expiry of this period.  
IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, being duly authorised,  
have signed this Agreement.  
Done at Luxembourg on the tenth day of June in the year two  
thousand and thirteen, which corresponds to the second day of  
Tamuz in the year five thousand seven hundred and seventy  
three in the Hebrew calendar, in duplicate, in the Bulgarian,  
Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French,  
German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian,  
Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene,  
Spanish, Swedish and Hebrew languages, each text being  
equally authentic.  
Article 29  
Registration with the International Civil Aviation  
Organisation and the United Nations Secretariat  
This Agreement and all amendments thereto shall be registered  
with the ICAO and with the UN Secretariat.  
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Voor het Koninkrijk België  
Pour le Royaume de Belgique  
Für das Königreich Belgien  
Deze handtekening verbindt eveneens het Vlaamse Gewest, het Waalse Gewest en het Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest.  
Cette signature engage égalament la Région wallonne, la Région flamande et la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale.  
Diese Unterschrift bindet zugleich die Wallonische Region, die Flämische Region und die Region Brüssel-Hauptstadt.  
За Република България  
Za Českou republiku  
For Kongeriget Danmark  
Für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland  
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Eesti Vabariigi nimel  
Thar cheann Na hÉireann  
For Ireland  
Για την Ελληνική Δημοκρατία  
Por el Reino de España  
Pour la République française  
Per la Repubblica italiana  
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Για την Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία  
Latvijas Republikas vārdā –  
Lietuvos Respublikos vardu  
Pour le Grand-Duché de Luxembourg  
Magyarország részéről  
Għal Malta  
Voor het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden  
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Für die Republik Österreich  
W imieniu Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej  
Pela República Portuguesa  
Pentru România  
Za Republiko Slovenijo  
Za Slovenskú republiku  
Suomen tasavallan puolesta  
För Republiken Finland  
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För Konungariket Sverige  
For the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland  
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За Европейския съюз  
Por la Unión Europea  
Za Evropskou unii  
For Den Europæiske Union  
Für die Europäische Union  
Euroopa Liidu nimel  
Για την Ευρωπαϊκή Ένωση  
For the European Union  
Pour l'Union européenne  
Per l'Unione europea  
Eiropas Savienības vārdā –  
Europos Sąjungos vardu  
Az Európai Unió részéről  
Għall-Unjoni Ewropea  
Voor de Europese Unie  
W imieniu Unii Europejskiej  
Pela União Europeia  
Pentru Uniunea Europeană  
Za Európsku úniu  
Za Evropsko unijo  
Euroopan unionin puolesta  
För Europeiska unionen  
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ANNEX I  
AGREED SERVICES AND SPECIFIED ROUTES  
1. This Annex is subject to the transitional provisions contained in Annex II of this Agreement.  
2. Each Contracting Party grants to the air carriers of the other Contracting Party the rights to provide air transport  
services on the routes specified hereunder:  
(a) For air carriers of the European Union:  
Points in the European Union – one or more intermediate points in Euromed (1) countries, ECAA countries (2) or  
countries listed in Annex III – one or more points in Israel;  
(b) For air carriers of Israel:  
Points in Israel – one or more intermediate points in Euromed countries, ECAA countries or countries listed in  
Annex III – one or more points in the European Union.  
3. The services operated, according to paragraph 2 of this Annex, shall originate or terminate in the territory of Israel, for  
Israeli air carriers, and in the territory of the European Union, for European Union air carriers.  
4. The air carriers of each Contracting Party may on any or all flights and at their option:  
(a) operate flights in either or both directions;  
(b) combine different flight numbers within one aircraft operation;  
(c) serve intermediate points as specified in paragraph 2 of this Annex and points in the territories of the Contracting  
Parties in any combination and in any order;  
(d) omit stops at any point or points;  
(e) transfer traffic from any of its aircraft to any of its other aircraft at any point;  
(f) make stopovers at any points whether within or outside the territory of either Contracting Party, without prejudice  
to Article 2 (2) ( Traffic Rights) of this Agreement;  
(g) carry transit traffic through the other Contracting Party’s territory; and  
(h) combine traffic on the same aircraft regardless of where such traffic originates.  
5. Each Contracting Party shall allow each air carrier to determine the frequency and capacity of the international air  
transport it offers based upon commercial considerations in the marketplace. Consistent with this right, neither  
Contracting Party shall unilaterally limit the volume of traffic, frequency or regularity of service, or the aircraft  
type or types operated by the air carriers of the other Contracting Party, except for customs, technical, operational,  
environmental or health protection reasons or in application of Article 7 of this Agreement.  
6. The air carriers of each Contracting Party may serve, including within the framework of code share arrangements, any  
points located in a third country that is not included on the specified routes, provided that they do not exercise fifth  
freedom rights.  
7. Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Annex, this Agreement does not grant any rights allowing the operation  
of international air transport to / from/ through the territory of a third country that does not have diplomatic relations  
with all the Contracting Parties.  
(1) "EUROMED" countries are Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, the Palestinian Territory, Syria and Turkey.  
(2) "ECAA countries" are the countries which are parties to the Multilateral Agreement establishing a European Common Aviation Area:  
Member States of the European Union, the Republic of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia, the former Yugoslav  
Republic of Macedonia, the Republic of Iceland, the Republic of Montenegro, the Kingdom of Norway, the Republic of Serbia and  
Kosovo under UN Security Council Resolution 1244.  
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ANNEX II  
TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS  
1. Notwithstanding paragraphs 2 and 3 of this Annex, all rights, including traffic rights, and more beneficial treatments  
already granted by bilateral agreements or arrangements between Israel and Member States of the European Union  
existing as of the date of signature of this Agreement shall continue to be exercised in accordance with the provisions  
of Article 3 of this Agreement. As far as air carriers are concerned, such rights and arrangements can continue to be  
exercised by:  
(a) Air Carriers of the European Union, provided that there is no discrimination in the execution of these existing  
rights or other arrangements between air carriers of the European Union on the basis of nationality.  
(b) Air Carriers of the State of Israel.  
2. For passenger, cargo and/or mail services, separately or in combination, air carriers of Israel and of the Member States  
of the European Union shall be entitled to exercise 3rd and 4th freedom rights on the specified routes subject to the  
following transitional provisions:  
(a) From the date of signature of this Agreement and for scheduled air services only:  
i. For each route, except for those specified in Annex V, authorised air carriers shall be entitled to operate the  
number of weekly frequencies available under the respective bilateral agreements or arrangements applicable or  
seven (7) weekly frequencies, whichever is the highest; and  
ii. For the routes specified in Annex V, authorised air carriers shall be entitled to operate the number of weekly  
frequencies as specified in Annex V.  
From the date of signature of this Agreement, there will be no limitations regarding the number of authorised air  
carriers per route for each of the Contracting Parties.  
(b) From the first day of the first summer IATA season following the date of signature of this Agreement and for  
scheduled air services only, authorised air carriers shall be entitled to operate:  
i. For the routes specified in Part A of Annex V to this Agreement, three (3) additional weekly frequencies in  
relation to the number of weekly frequencies specified in Part A of Annex V; and  
ii. For any other route, including for the routes specified in part B of Annex V, seven (7) additional weekly  
frequencies in relation to the number of weekly frequencies resulting from the application of paragraph a) i. and  
a) ii above.  
(c) From the first day of the second summer IATA season following the date of signature of this Agreement and for  
scheduled air services only, authorised air carriers shall be entitled to operate:  
i. For the routes specified in Part A of Annex V to this Agreement, three (3) additional weekly frequencies in  
relation to the number of weekly frequencies resulting from the application of paragraph b) i. above; and  
ii. For any other route, including for the routes specified in part B of Annex V, seven (7) additional weekly  
frequencies in relation to the number of weekly frequencies resulting from the application of paragraph b) ii.  
above  
(d) Subject to paragraph 4 below, from the first day of the third summer IATA season following the date of signature  
of this Agreement and for scheduled air services only, authorised air carriers shall be entitled to operate:  
i. For the routes specified in Part A of Annex V to this Agreement, four (4) additional weekly frequencies in  
relation to the number of weekly frequencies resulting from the application of paragraph c) i. above; and  
ii. For any other route, including for the routes specified in part B of Annex V, seven (7) additional weekly  
frequencies in relation to the number of weekly frequencies resulting from the application of paragraph c) ii.  
above.  
(e) From the first day of the fourth summer IATA season following the date of signature of this Agreement and for  
scheduled air services only, authorised air carriers shall be entitled to operate:  
i. For the routes specified in Part A of Annex V to this Agreement, four (4) additional weekly frequencies in  
relation to the number of weekly frequencies resulting from the application of paragraph d) i. above; and  
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ii. For any other route, including for the routes specified in part B of Annex V, seven (7) additional weekly  
frequencies in relation to the number of weekly frequencies resulting from the application of paragraph d) ii.  
above.  
(f) From the first day of the fifth summer IATA season following the date of signature of this Agreement, the  
provisions of Annex I shall apply and the air carriers of the Contracting Parties shall be entitled to operate  
freely 3rd and 4th freedom rights on the specified routes without any limitation regarding the capacity, the  
weekly frequencies or the regularity of the service.  
3. With regard to the non-scheduled air services:  
(a) From the date of signature of this Agreement, operations of non-scheduled air services shall continue to remain  
subject to approval from the relevant authorities of the Contracting Parties, which will favourably consider such  
request, and  
(b) From the date specified in paragraph 2.f) above, the provisions of Annex I shall apply and the air carriers of the  
Contracting Parties shall be entitled to operate freely 3rd and 4th freedom rights on the specified routes without  
any limitation regarding the capacity, the weekly frequencies, the number of authorised air carriers or the regularity  
of the service.  
4. Prior to the date specified in paragraph 2.d) of this Annex, the Joint Committee shall meet to review the implemen­  
tation of this Agreement and to assess the commercial impact of the first two stages of the transitional period  
described in this Annex. On the basis of such an assessment, and without prejudice to its competence in accordance  
with Article 22 of this Agreement, the Joint Committee may decide by consensus:  
(a) to delay, for a mutually agreed period of time, which shall not exceed two years, the implementation of paragraphs  
2.d), 2.e) and 2.f) on certain routes, in case the above mentioned assessment determines either the circumvention  
of restrictions imposed on scheduled air services through the operations of non-scheduled air services or the  
existence of a substantial imbalance of the volume of traffic carried by the air carriers of the Contracting Parties  
that could endanger the preservation of the air services; or  
(b) to increase the number of additional frequencies specified in paragraphs 2.d) i. And 2.e) i.  
If the Joint Committee is not able to reach an agreement, a Contracting Party may take appropriate safeguard measures  
under Article 24 of this Agreement.  
5. The implementation and application by Israel of the regulatory requirements and standards which are delivered in  
European Union legislation relating to air transport mentioned in Annex IV shall be validated by a decision of the  
Joint Committee on the basis of an evaluation by the European Union. Such an evaluation shall be conducted at the  
earliest of: (i) the date on which Israel notifies the Joint Committee of its fulfilment of the harmonisation process based  
on Annex IV of this Agreement, or (ii) three years after the entry into force of this Agreement.  
6. Notwithstanding the provisions of Annex I, and without prejudice to Article 26(1) of this Agreement and paragraph 1  
of this Annex, until the moment of the adoption of the decision referred to in paragraph 5 of this Annex, the air  
carriers of the Contracting Parties shall not have the right to exercise fifth freedom rights, including between points  
within the territory of the European Union, when operating the agreed services on the specified routes.  
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ANNEX III  
LIST OF OTHER STATES REFERRED TO IN ARTICLES 3, 4 AND 8 OF THE AGREEMENT AND IN ANNEX I  
1. The Republic of Iceland (under the Agreement on the European Economic Area)  
2. The Principality of Liechtenstein (under the Agreement on the European Economic Area)  
3. The Kingdom of Norway (under the Agreement on the European Economic Area)  
4. The Swiss Confederation (under the Air Transport Agreement between the European Community and the Swiss  
Confederation)  
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ANNEX IV  
RULES RELATING TO CIVIL AVIATION  
The equivalent regulatory requirements and standards of European Union legislation referred to in this Agreement shall be  
delivered on the basis of the following acts. Where necessary, specific adaptations for each individual act are set out  
hereafter. The equivalent regulatory requirements and standards shall be applicable in accordance with Annex VI unless  
otherwise specified in this Annex or in Annex II on Transitional Provisions.  
A. AVIATION SAFETY  
A.1 List of air carriers subject to an operating ban  
Israel shall, at the earliest possible, take measures corresponding to those taken by the EU Member States on the basis of  
the list of air carriers which are subject to an operating ban due to safety reasons.  
The measures will be taken according to the relevant rules regarding the establishment and publication of a list of air  
carriers which are subject to an operating ban and the information requirements to air passengers of the identity of the  
air carrier operating the flights on which they travel, established in the following EU legislation:  
No 2111/2005  
Regulation (EC) No 2111/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 December 2005 on the estab­  
lishment of a Community list of air carriers subject to an operating ban within the Community and on informing air  
transport passengers of the identity of the operating air carrier, and repealing Article 9 of Directive 2004/36/EC  
Relevant provisions: Articles 1 to 13, Annex  
No 473/2006  
Commission Regulation (EC) No 473/2006 of 22 March 2006 laying down implementing rules for the Community list  
of air carriers which are subject to an operating ban within the Community referred to in Chapter II of Regulation (EC)  
No 2111/2005 of the European Parliament and of the Council  
Relevant provisions: Articles 1 to 6, Annexes A to C  
No 474/2006  
Commission Regulation (EC) No 474/2006 of 22 March 2006 establishing the Community list of air carriers which are  
subject to an operating ban within the Community referred to in Chapter II of Regulation (EC) No 2111/2005 of the  
European Parliament and of the Council  
as regularly amended by Commission Regulations  
Relevant provisions: Articles 1 to 3, Annexes A to B  
In case a measure raises serious concerns for Israel, Israel may suspend its application and shall, without undue delay,  
refer the matter to the Joint Committee pursuant to Article 22(11)(f) of this Agreement.  
A.2 Accident/incident investigation and occurrence reporting  
A.2.1: No 996/2010  
Regulation (EU) No 996/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 October 2010 on the investigation  
and prevention of accidents and incidents in civil aviation and repealing Directive 94/56/EC  
Relevant provisions: Articles 1-5, 8-18(2), 20-21, 23, Annex  
A.2.2: No 2003/42  
Directive 2003/42/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 June 2003 on occurrence reporting in civil  
aviation  
Relevant provisions: Articles 1-6, 8-9  
B. AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT  
BASIC REGULATIONS  
Section A:  
B.1: No 549/2004  
Regulation (EC) No 549/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2004 laying down the  
framework for the creation of the single European sky (the framework Regulation)  
EN  
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Official Journal of the European Union  
2.8.2013  
Relevant provisions: Articles 1 (1)-1(3), 2, 4(1)- 4(4), 9-10, 11(1)-(2), 11(3)(b), 11(3)(d), 11(4)-(6), 13  
B.2: No 550/2004  
Regulation (EC) No 550/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2004 on the provision of air  
navigation services in the single European sky (the service provision Regulation)  
Relevant provisions: Articles 2(1) to 2(2), 2(4) to 2(6), 4, 7(1)-(2), 7(4)-(5), 7(7), 8(1), 8(3)-(4), 9, 10-11, 12(1)-(4), 18(1)-  
(2), Annex II  
B.3: No 551/2004  
Regulation (EC) No 551/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2004 on the organisation and  
use of the airspace in the single European sky (the airspace Regulation)  
Relevant provisions: Articles 1, 3a, 4, 6(1)-(5), 6(7), 7(1), 7(3), 8  
B.4: No 552/2004  
Regulation (EC) No 552/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2004 on the interoperability  
of the European Air Traffic Management network (the interoperability Regulation)  
Relevant provisions: Articles 1 to 3, 4 (2), 5 to 6a, 7(1), 8, Annexes I to V  
Regulations No 549/2004 to 552/2004 amended by Regulation (EC) No 1070/2009 of the European Parliament and of  
the Council of 21 October 2009 amending Regulations (EC) No 549/2004, (EC) No 550/2004, (EC) No 551/2004 and  
(EC) No 552/2004 in order to improve the performance and sustainability of the European aviation system  
B.5: Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 February 2008 on common  
rules in the field of civil aviation and establishing a European Aviation Safety Agency, and repealing Council Directive  
91/670/EEC, Regulation (EC) No 1592/2002 and Directive 2004/36/EC  
as amended by Regulation (EC) No 1108/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009  
amending Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 in the field of aerodromes, air traffic management and air navigation  
services and repealing Directive 2006/23/EC  
Relevant provisions: Articles 3, 8b(1)-(3), 8b(5)-(6), 8c(1)-(10), Annex Vb  
Section B:  
B.2: No 550/2004  
Regulation (EC) No 550/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2004 on the provision of air  
navigation services in the single European sky (the service provision Regulation)  
Relevant provisions: Articles 2(3), 7(6), 7(8), 8(2), 8(5), 9a(1) to 9a(5), 13  
B.3: No 551/2004  
Regulation (EC) No 551/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2004 on the organisation and  
use of the airspace in the single European sky (the airspace Regulation)  
Relevant provisions: Article 3, 6(6)  
Regulations No 549/2004 to 552/2004 amended by Regulation (EC) No 1070/2009 of the European Parliament  
and of the Council of 21 October 2009 amending Regulations (EC) No 549/2004, (EC) No 550/2004, (EC) No  
551/2004 and (EC) No 552/2004 in order to improve the performance and sustainability of the European aviation  
system  
B.5: Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 February 2008 on common  
rules in the field of civil aviation and establishing a European Aviation Safety Agency, and repealing Council Directive  
91/670/EEC, Regulation (EC) No 1592/2002 and Directive 2004/36/EC  
as amended by Regulation (EC) No 1108/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009  
amending Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 in the field of aerodromes, air traffic management and air navigation  
services and repealing Directive 2006/23/EC  
Relevant provisions: Articles 8b(4), 8c(10), Annex Vb(4)  
EN  
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Official Journal of the European Union  
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IMPLEMENTING RULES  
The following acts will be applicable and relevant unless otherwise specified in Annex VI with respect to the equivalent  
regulatory requirements and standards relating to the "Basic Regulations":  
Framework (Regulation (EC) No 549/2004)  
— Commission Regulation (EU) No 691/2010 of 29 July 2010 laying down a performance scheme for air navigation  
services and network functions and amending Regulation (EC) No 2096/2005 laying down common requirements for  
the provision of air navigation service  
Service provision (Regulation (EC) No 550/2004)  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 482/2008 of 30 May 2008 establishing a software safety assurance system to be  
implemented by air navigation service providers and amending Annex II to Regulation (EC) No 2096/2005  
Airspace (Regulation (EC) No 551/2004)  
— Commission Regulation (EU) No 255/2010 of 25 March 2010 laying down common rules on air traffic flow  
management  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 730/2006 of 11 May 2006 on airspace classification and access of flights operated  
under visual flight rules above flight level 195  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 2150/2005 of 23 December 2005 laying down common rules for the flexible use of  
airspace  
Interoperability (Regulation (EC) No 552/2004)  
— Commission Regulation (EU) No 677/2011 of 7 July 2011 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of air  
traffic management (ATM) network functions and amending Regulation (EU) No 691/2010  
— Commission Regulation (EU) No 929/2010 of 18 October 2010 amending Regulation (EC) No 1033/2006 as regards  
the ICAO provisions referred to in Article 3(1)  
— Commission Regulation (EU) No 73/2010 of 26 January 2010 laying down requirements on the quality of aero­  
nautical data and aeronautical information for the single European sky  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 262/2009 of 30 March 2009 laying down requirements for the coordinated  
allocation and use of Mode S interrogator codes for the single European sky  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 633/2007 of 7 June 2007 laying down requirements for the application of a flight  
message transfer protocol used for the purpose of notification, coordination and transfer of flights between air traffic  
control units  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 1033/2006 of 4 July 2006 laying down the requirements on procedures for flight  
plans in the pre-flight phase for the single European sky  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 1032/2006 of 6 July 2006 laying down requirements for automatic systems for the  
exchange of flight data for the purpose of notification, coordination and transfer of flights between air traffic control  
units  
ATM/ANS requirements stemming from Regulation 216/2008 as amended by Regulation 1108/2009  
— Commission Regulation (EC) No 805/2011 of 10 August 2011 laying down detailed rules for air traffic controllers’  
licences and certain certificates pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 of the European Parliament and of the  
Council  
— Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1034/2011 of 17 October 2011 on safety oversight in air traffic  
management and air navigation services and amending Regulation (EU) No 691/2010  
— Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 1035/2011 of 17 October 2011 laying down common requirements  
for the provision of air navigation services and amending Regulations (EC) No 482/2008 and (EU) No 691/2010  
EN  
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Official Journal of the European Union  
C. ENVIRONMENT  
2.8.2013  
C.1: No 2002/30  
Directive 2002/30/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 March 2002 on the establishment of rules  
and procedures with regard to the introduction of noise-related operating restrictions at Community airports as amended  
or adapted by the 2003 Act of Accession and the 2005 Act of Accession  
Relevant provisions: Articles 3 to 5, 7, 9-10, 11(2), 12, Annex II(1)-(3)  
C.2: No 2006/93  
Directive 2006/93/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 on the regulation of the  
operation of aeroplanes covered by Part II, Chapter 3, Volume 1 of Annex 16 to the Convention on International Civil  
Aviation, second edition (1988)  
Relevant provisions: Articles 1 to 3, 5  
D. AIR CARRIER LIABLITY  
D.1: No 2027/97  
Council Regulation (EC) No 2027/97 of 9 October 1997 on air carrier liability in the event of accidents  
as amended by:  
— Regulation (EC) No 889/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 May 2002 amending Council  
Regulation (EC) No 2027/97  
Relevant provisions: Articles 2(1)(a), 2(1)(c)-(g), 3to 6  
E. CONSUMER RIGHTS AND PROTECTION OF PERSONAL DATA  
E.1: No 90/314  
Council Directive 90/314/EEC of 13 June 1990 on package travel, package holidays and package tours  
Relevant provisions: Articles 1-4(2), 4(4)-(7), 5-6.  
E.2: No 95/46  
Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals  
with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data  
Relevant provisions: Articles 1 to 34  
E.3: No 261/2004  
Regulation (EC) No 261/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 February 2004 establishing common  
rules on compensation and assistance to passengers in the event of denied boarding and of cancellation or long delay of  
flights, and repealing Regulation (EEC) No 295/91  
Relevant provisions: Articles 1 to 16  
E.4: No 1107/2006  
Regulation (EC) No 1107/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 5 July 2006 concerning the rights of  
disabled persons and persons with reduced mobility when travelling by air  
Relevant provisions: Articles 1(1), 2 to 16, Annexes I to II  
F. SOCIAL ASPECTS  
F.1: No 2000/79  
Council Directive 2000/79/EEC of 27 November 2000 concerning the European agreement on the organisation of  
working time of mobile workers in civil aviation concluded by the Association of European Airlines (AEA), the  
European Transport Workers' Federation (ETF), the European Cockpit Association (ECA), the European Regions Airline  
Association (ERA) and the International Air Carrier Association (IACA)  
Relevant provisions: Clause 1(1) and Clauses 2 to 9 of the Annex  
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Official Journal of the European Union  
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ANNEX V  
Part A: Agreed Base Frequencies in certain routes which equals to or are higher than 14  
Base capacity  
(weekly frequencies)  
Type of Service  
Passenger  
Routes  
Vienna  
Tel-Aviv (TLV)  
Tel-Aviv (TLV)  
For the first carrier: 14  
For the second and ss. carriers: 3  
Passenger  
Paris (CDG - ORY - BVA)  
For the first carrier: unlimited;  
For the second and ss. carriers: 7  
Passenger  
Passenger  
Passenger  
Passenger  
Pax/All Cargo  
Frankfurt  
Athens  
Tel-Aviv (TLV)  
Tel-Aviv (TLV)  
Tel-Aviv (TLV)  
Tel-Aviv (TLV)  
Tel-Aviv (TLV)  
14  
14  
Rome  
25  
Madrid  
21  
London (LHR)  
For the first two carriers: unlimited  
Part B: Agreed Base Frequencies in certain routes which are higher than 7 but below 14  
Base capacity  
(weekly frequencies)  
Type of Service  
Routes  
Passenger  
Passenger  
Passenger  
Passenger  
Milan  
Berlin  
Tel-Aviv (TLV)  
Tel-Aviv (TLV  
Tel-Aviv (TLV  
Tel-Aviv (TLV  
13  
11  
10  
10  
Barcelona  
Munich  
ANNEX VI  
REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS AND STANDARDS THAT SHALL BE MET WHEN APPLYING THE EU LEGISLATION LISTED IN ANNEX IV OF THE EU-ISRAEL  
EURO-MEDITERRANEAN AVIATION AGREEMENT  
Disclaimer: Nothing in this Annex shall prejudice the application of EU law within the EU.  
PART A.2: Accident/incident investigation and occurrence reporting  
A.2.1: Regulation (EU) No 996/2010 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 October 2010 on the investigation and prevention of accidents and incidents in civil aviation and repealing Directive  
94/56/EC  
Standard No.  
(Part/Leg#/Art#/Std#)  
Article No.  
1
Standard  
A2.1.1.1  
Regulation No 996/2010 aims to improve aviation safety by ensuring a high level of efficiency, expediency, and quality of civil aviation safety investigations, the sole  
objective of which is the prevention of future accidents and incidents without apportioning blame or liability. It also provides for rules concerning the timely availability  
of information relating to all persons and dangerous goods on board an aircraft involved in an accident. It also aims to improve the assistance to the victims of air  
accidents and their relatives.  
2
3
A2.1.2.1  
A2.1.3.1  
A2.1.4.1  
The Definitions in Article 2 of Regulation No 996/2010 shall apply to the standards and requirements relating to the investigation and prevention of accidents and  
incidents in civil aviation specified in this Annex, as applicable and appropriate.  
The standards and regulatory requirements specified in this Annex shall apply to safety investigations into accidents and serious incidents, which are conducted by the  
Contracting Parties, according to international standards and recommended practices.  
4(1)  
The Contracting Parties shall ensure that safety investigations are conducted or supervised, without external interference, by a permanent national civil aviation safety  
investigation authority (safety investigation authority) capable of independently conducting a full safety investigation, either on its own or through agreements with other  
safety investigation authorities  
4(2)  
A2.1.4.2  
The safety investigation authority shall be functionally independent in particular of aviation authorities responsible for airworthiness, certification, flight operation,  
maintenance, licensing, air traffic control or aerodrome operation and, in general, of any other party or entity the interests or missions of which could conflict with the  
task entrusted to the safety investigation authority or influence its objectivity.  
4(3)  
4(4)  
4(5)  
4(6)  
A2.1.4.3  
A2.1.4.4  
A2.1.4.5  
A2.1.4.6  
The safety investigation authority shall, in the conduct of the safety investigation, neither seek nor take instructions from anybody and shall have unrestricted authority  
over the conduct of the safety investigations.  
The activities entrusted to the safety investigation authority may be extended to the gathering and analysis of aviation safety related information, in particular for accident  
prevention purposes, in so far as these activities do not affect its independence and entail no responsibility in regulatory, administrative or standards matters.  
In order to inform the public of the general aviation safety level, a safety review shall be published annually at national level. In this analysis, the sources of confidential  
information shall not be revealed.  
The safety investigation authority shall be given by the respective Contracting Party the means required to carry out its responsibilities independently and shall be able to  
obtain sufficient resources to do so.  
Standard No.  
(Part/Leg#/Art#/Std#)  
Article No.  
5(1)-(3)  
5(4)  
Standard  
A2.1.5.1  
A2.1.5.4  
The Contracting Party must investigate every accident or serious incident, which Annex 13 to the Convention state that it's mandatory to investigate it.  
Safety investigation authorities may decide to investigate incidents other than those referred to in Annex 13 to the Convention, when they expect to draw safety lessons  
from them.  
5(5)  
8
A2.1.5.5  
A2.1.8.1  
All safety investigations shall in no case be concerned with apportioning blame or liability. They shall be independent of, separate from and without prejudice to any